Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine
A series of interviews by historian Barry H. Rodrigue on immigration into Maine from Quebec, Canada, along the Canada Road.
NA2373 Alan Philbrick and Phyllis Quimby Philbrick, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, July 1995, Rangley, Maine. The Philbricks talk about French-Canadian family migration from St. Georges-de-Beauce, Quebec to Stratten, Maine, c.1881; and Yankee family migration up the Carrabasset Valley, Maine. A. Philbrick supplemented his Aunt Phyllis commentary by saying that the maiden name of his great-grandmother from Quebec was Pepin and her husband’s was Touchette (approximate spelling); two lobstering stories; and his story of migration from Quebec concerns the little known Lac Magantic Trail. Canada Road Survey.
NA2374 Ruth Reed, Elaine Moore, Clayton Holden, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, August 10, 1994, Jackman, Moose River, Dennistown, and Sandy Bay Township, Maine and just over the Canadian border. Canada Road Survey, interview #1. This is a driving survey with three local informants along new and old Routes 201 between Jackman and the Canadian border. Reed, Moore, and Holden talk about old house sites; people and events in the 19th and 20th centuries. Rodrigue participated and conducted the interview from his car.
NA2375 Barry H. Rodrigue, Ruth Reed, Hope Earley, Clayton Holden, Ruel Tapley, Ruth Tapley, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, August 19, 1994, Moose River Valley, Maine. Tape: 2 w/ no transcript. Canada Road Survey, interview #2. Two one hour tapes of a driving and still interviews. Rodrigue, Reed, Earley, Holden, the Tapleys talk about the early settlement of Moose River and vicinity. Part of the interview was made from the car in Jackman and Moose River and part was made in the Tapley’s yard and driveway in Moose River.
NA2376 Margaret McCarthy Beliveau, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, fall 1994, Rumford, Maine. Beliveau, wife of the late Judge Albert Beliveau and daughter of Judge McCarthy of Rumford, talks about family life; Franco-American and Irish-American life in Maine during the 19th and 20th centuries; legal and judicial history; University of Maine.
NA2391 Barry H. Rodrigue, June 1995, manuscript "Disaster by the Bering Sea: November 1974," by Roderick and Tack. It is the account of the impact of the flood of November 11, 1974 upon several communities in the Seward Peninsula area, NW Alaska; the relief efforts; and life in the towns.
NA2393 Governor Burton Cross, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, June 1995, Augusta, Maine. Gov. Cross of Maine discusses his political career and life in the early to late 20th century; political divisions of the Republicans and Democrats; Albert Beliveau; Franco-American, etc. A malfunctioning tape recorded caused static on portions of the tapes, but they are decipherable. RESTRICTED: Gov. Cross would not sign a release form.
NA2394 Mr. W. J. and Mrs. Louise Banks, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, June 1995, St. Louis, Missouri. The Banks, of the International Shoe Company, talk about the company, taking over the Thomas G. Plant Company. This relates to the depositor’s book, Tom Plant, which is about Maine, New England, Quebec and Franco-American history. RESTRICTIONS: No release form has been obtained.
NA2497 Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Ontario and the Maritimes, Nova Scotia, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Canada. Letter; song "I am a Rambling Shoe Maker;" and genealogy from the Maritimes. References relating to emigration from Archives, Prince Edward Island.
NA2498 Bertha Goodrich Knowles and Kermit Knowles, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue and Penelope Markle Graham, 1997, Bingham, Maine. B. Knowles, and her son K. Knowles, talk about her family and property; local history; medical care; Yankee society; French Canadian; Franco-American and Irish history; environmental history; Kennebec Valley.
NA2499 Dick Spaulding, Harry Melcher, Frances Smith, and Earle Smith, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Embden, Maine. Spaulding and Melcher (both in their 70s), with some commentary by the Smiths, (who are all residence of the Upper Kennebec River Valley) talk about conducting logging operations (Spaulding and Melcher have for much of their lives); Upper Kennebec and Dead River Regions; the towns of Bowtown, Carrying Place, Piere Pond; Enchanted, Pleasant Ridge, Bingham, Moscow, Caratonk, The Forks, West Forks, etc.; The Canada Road; the Benedict Arnold expedition and artifacts found in the region; family history; folk stories; logging technology.
NA2500 Ivy Laweryson Stuart Beane, Francis Stuart Smith, and Earle Smith, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue and Judy Feinstein, 1997, Embden, Maine. Beane (age 91), and the Smith (Beane’s daughter and son-in-law) talk about life in Bowtown, Maine (on the west bank of the Upper Kennebec river and the lower Dead River) from ca. 1901-1928; migration from Beauce County, Quebec (Cumberland Mills, St. George) to Moscow, Maine (ca. 1861) and to Bowtown, Maine (ca 1880-1910); the Old Canada Road; logging; dances; river travel; women’s life; schools; family history; construction of the Bingham Dam (1928); sport camps.
NA2501 Howard Mitchell, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Caratunk, Maine. Mitchell, recorded while traveling in a car in 1997, talks about the history of various sites in the Caratunk and Forks regions of Maine.
NA2502 Mary Bode Markle, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Berlin, Vermont. Markle talks about her father, William Adolph Bode, and his life and work as an engineer.
NA2503 Georgina Shields Kidder, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Rumford, Maine. Kidder talks about Canadian-American and Franco-American life in the early 20th century.
NA2504 Eldred “Did” Doyon, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Jackman, Maine. Doyon talks about his life; history of the Moose River region; the Canada Road; Dyerville; and a World War II prisoner of war (POW) camp.
NA2505 Louis Philippe Rodrigue, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Aylmer and Quebec, Canada. L. Rodrigue talks about personal and family history about grandfather about grandfather; WWII; the Cold War.
NA2506 George Pratt, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, 1997, Pleasant Ridge and Concord, Maine. Also present: David Corrigan, Lynn Corrigan, and Carolyn Corrigan. Consists of both a driving and walking interview with Pratt, with some commentary by the Corrigan at the end.
NA2511 George Pratt and Harry Melcher, interviewed by Barry H. Rodrigue, fall 1998, Concord, Bingham, Pleasant Ridge, Bowtow, and Pierce Pond, Maine. Pratt and Melcher talk about history of the region; logging in area; and Canada Road Survey.
NA2527 Barry H. Rodrigue, February 1998, Old China Road, Maine. A dubbing of MPR (Maine Public Radio) "Maine Things Considered," August 30, 1994. Barry Rodrigue talks about the Canada Road. RESTRICTED.
Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine
Norman Cazden (1914-1980) was an American composer, musicologist, and faculty member of the University of Maine who had a long-standing interest in traditional American folk music. This collection reflects his career as both collector and composer and is comprises twelve accessions and approximately 60 hours of tape.
See also Norman Cazden Papers which includes tape recordings of Cazden’s own compositions and teaching tapes. Material related to Cazden’s involvement with Camp Woodland in the Catskill Mountains of New York can be found in the Norman Studer Collection at SUNY-Albany.
NA0665 George Edwards and others, Norman Cazden, Catskills, New York. Edwards and other sing songs.
NA0666 Recorded by Norman Cazden, July 1969, Peterborough, New Hampshire. Recording of square dance tunes played on violins, accordion, and piano.
NA0857 By Norman Cazden, 1974, Woodville and Waterbury, Connecticut. Dubbings of Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Indian songs. Two notes are included. RESTRICTED.
NA1008 Ninth Annual Miramichi Folksong Festival, recorded by Norman Cazden, August 1966, Miramichi, New Brunswick. Collection of tunes sung at the Ninth Annual Miramichi Folksong Festival, August 15 - 17, 1966.
NA1119 Catskill Folk Festival, recorded by Norman Cazden, August 13-14, 1977, Andes, New York.
NA1218 Catskill Folk Festival, recorded by Norman Cazden, August 12-13, 1978, Andes, New York.
NA1287 Catskill Folk Festival, recorded by Norman Cazden, August 11-12, 1979, Andes, New York.
NA1395 By Edward D. “Sandy” Ives, fall 1980, Orono, Maine. Dub of songs from the Catskill Folksong Festivals made by Norman Cazden.
NA2578 Collected by Norman Cazden, ca. 1960-1978. 24 tape reels belonging to the late Norman Cazden, a composer and musicologist, and faculty member of the University of Maine who had a long-standing interest in traditional American folk music. The tapes appear to contain dubs of commercially recorded LPs but also other material which is very diverse and possibly unique and significant. Several reels contain folk songs and ballads compiled by Edith Fowke, an eminent Canadian collector, from her own collection; one reel contains unpublished(?) Woody Guthrie recordings from a private collection; two reels contain Adirondack woods songs compiled by folklorist, Bob Bethke, in conjunction with Bethke’s book on Ted Ashlaw, a singer; several reels contain Scottish bagpipe music not from LPs; two reels contain Negro convict songs collected by Bruce Jackson; one reel features Native American songs from the David McAllester Collection at Wesleyan University. Each tape box contains a typed contents listing prepared by Norman Cazden; these have been photocopied and placed in the accession folder. RESTRICTED.
NA2581 Orchestral rehearsal and performance, July, 1980, Orono, Maine. Accession consists of four 7” tape reels documenting the July rehearsal and performance of an orchestral symphonic work composed by Norman Cazden. Cazden was ill at the time, and the performance allowed him to hear the symphony he had composed. RESTRICTED.
NA2582 Cazden Symphony and Cazden Memorial concert, donated to Maine Folklife Center, July and November 1980, Orono, Maine. Accession consists of two cassette tapes relating to the life and music of Norman Cazden, composer, musicologist and folk music scholar. The two cassettes are as follows: Cassette dub of Cazden Symphony performed July 20, 1980. Cassette recording of Cazden Memorial concert performed November 16, 1980. RESTRICTED.
NA2583 Edward D. “Sandy” Ives, recorded by Steve Green, February 18, 1999, Orono, Maine. Ives talks about Norman Cazden’s life and teaching at University of Maine; circumstances of the symphony recital of July, 1980.
Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine
Collection of interviews with informants about rum-running, bootlegging, and illegal alcohol during Prohibition in Maine. A box of supplemental material for NA2487 William Cavallini is located in the library annex. Access restrictions are in place for several series in this collection.
NA0655 Joel Cutler, summer 1971, Bangor, Old Town, and Hancock Point, Maine. Paper deals with stories of rum-running in Maine.
NA0700 Lloyd Burke, Kingdom Burke, Kenneth Burke, Hauk Anderson, and an anonymous informant, interviewed by Frederick Pratson, July 20, 1972, East Dover, Nova Scotia. The group of inshore fisherman discuss their early 20th century experiences in and around East Dover; how they began fishing; how television spoiled social evenings; shoveling the road; being at sea during bad weather; working in a munitions factory during WWI; shipwrecks; impact of pollution; ghost stories; getting lost on the water; dangers of whales; running rum; pensions; working at the mercy of the weather; near-deaths at sea; sharks and the dangers of catching them; tales of pirate treasure; Halifax Explosion of 1917, sighting German submarines during WWII; and why inshore fishing was no longer economically advisable in 1972. RESTRICTED.
NA0769 Sidney N. Sprague, interviewed by David Taylor, July 5 and 12, 1973, at Sprague’s home in Rockland, Maine.
July 5, 1973: Sprague discusses lobster pounds owned by the McLoon Lobster Co., duties and privileges of pound keepers; lobster fishing rights and territories at Metinic Island, Matinicus Island, North Haven, Vinalhaven, Monhegan Island, Green Island, Camden, Rockland, Rockport, Spruce Head; lobster tagging; trap wars; harassment of outsiders and newcomers; clamming territories; building and maintaining lobster pounds; keeping lobsters alive in the pounds, lobster disease “Red Tail.”
July 12, 1973: Sprague talks about lobster fisherman Gooden Grant; Isle Au Haut fishermen, fishing areas; sites of lobster pounds around Penobscot Bay; pound operator Ladd Simmons; building and financing pounds; Oliver Perry knowledgeable pound constructor; maintenance of pounds and lobsters; defines chicken lobster; barrel making; sizes of barrel for shipping lobsters; McLoon ice houses and packing lobsters; use and building of scows; marketing of lobsters; fish flakes; rum running.
NA0773 Gooden Grant, interviewed by David Taylor, July 11, and August 10, 1973, Stonington, Maine.
July 11, 1973: Grant discusses catching lobsters with hoop nets and traps; Isle au Haut lobster factory; selling to lobster smacks; mackerel siening; culling board and sizes of marketable lobsters; pogey fishing with father; steam trawlers in pogey fishery; running lobster smacks for McLoon Lobster Co.; Friendship sloops; farms on Isle au Haut; dory factory at Bucksport; Tom Nickerson; fishing the Grand Banks; gear and techniques for trawling from a dory; salting fish on board schooner; power boats; liquor and drinking; going to the West Indies in square riggers. Grant was in Havana harbor for the sinking of the battleship Maine, which began the Spanish-American war.
August 10, 1973: Grant discusses camp meetings; life on Isle au Haut including father’s store, lobster factory, shipyard, and rusticators; Friendship sloops; early lobster traps; cooperation among Isle au Haut fishermen; winter fishing; lobster bottoms; singing and dancing aboard ship; and rum running.
NA0858 Peter Kelly and Captain John Kelly, interviewed by John Kelly Jr. (nephew/son), August 11, 14, 21, and 24, 1974, Quincy, Massachusetts. P. Kelly talks about “Uncle” Tom Kelly and rum running in Quincy, MA. Captain Kelly talks about his experiences as a fisherman; fishing during the Depression. Also included: there a few notes from John Kelly to Edward D. “Sandy” Ives.
NA0878 Augusta Christie, interviewed by Harriet Tilley, March 11, 1975, Presque Isle, Maine. Christie discusses her life in northern Maine and decades of campaigning against alcohol; childhood on a farm in Ashland, Maine, in the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries; her education and boarding during the week to attend high school; why women’s suffrage was unimportant to her but she never missed a vote; marriage at the age of forty; household chores; the Maine Christian Women’s Temperance Movement, its members, goals, and methods; serving in the state Legislature during the 1950s and 60s in order to further the temperance cause; bills she introduced and supported; experience as a woman in the Legislature; her father’s unpopularity for arresting people on alcohol charges during Prohibition; and her thoughts on issues facing women in 1975.
NA1037 Clarence Grover, interviewed by Jack Beard and Joan Brooks, April 10, 1976, Eddington, Maine. Grover talks about knowing the people who drove the stage along the Airline (now route 9); getting married in 1930; how the Airline used to go over Chick Hill; poaching; working in his father’s mill; the first automobile; working to build the road around Chick Hill; working in a lumber camp; songs sung in the camp and at home; the Grange Hall in Amherst; his father; people who owned stills during Prohibition; fishing; working horses and driving horses; water-dowsing or water-witching; Jim Cranie, a healer, specifically a blood stopper; the farmers’ almanac; working with oxen; barn raising; what Christmas was like; knitting with his mother; and river driving.
NA1093 Rev. Arthur C. Woodward, interviewed by Sarah Jane Miller, November 1, 1976, South Brewer, Maine. Woodward talks about his life and historical events that influenced it; his childhood in Gouldsboro, ME, in the 1920s and 1930s, including chores, education, and recreation; attending vocation school at Quoddy, where he met Eleanor Roosevelt and officials from her husband’s administration; lack of racial difficulties with the African-American students; students traveling to Canada to fight in WWII before US involvement; his inability to enlist because of his civilian work at Portsmouth Naval Shipyard; why men his age wanted to enlist; bootlegging and rum-running commonplace during Prohibition; the Great Depression; his father’s career for Maine’s Department of Sea and Shore Fisheries; Roosevelt’s initiatives; unity of purpose during WWII; psychological conditioning of soldiers; radio programs of his youth; his perception of the lack of morality in the 1970s.
NA1094 Clifford Chandler, interviewed by Susan “Sue” DeRose, November 17–22, 1976 Orono, Maine. Chandler discusses his childhood in Jonesport, Maine, including discipline, chores, and games; military service at a naval repair base in San Diego; his grandfather’s work as a rum-chaser enforcing Prohibition, competition among fishermen; seine fishing; working in a factory that canned seafood; similarities and differences in dating over the years; and his views on the Vietnam War as the father of a Vietnam veteran.
NA1140 Charles "Dunk" Jordan, interviewed by Ann Pierter, fall 1977. Jordan talks about Veazie history; Aunt Hat; schools; community sliding and skating; town divisions; work and travel in Merchant Marine; Indians; gardens; home brew; Prohibition; Pig’s Ear; Doutyvilles.
NA1202 Don Mitchell, interviewed by Roger Mitchell, his son, in 1976. Series of interviews about Mitchell senior's life and work as a woodsman and farmer formed the basis of Northeast Folklore XIX: "I'm a Man That Works." Topics covered include a log jam breaking loose; winter shoveling while working at the Hunt Company; working at Rockabema; crossing the border and name changing; mishaps on river drives; getting alcohol while in the woods; bootlegging; WWI stories; naval service during WWI; potato work and harvesting; farming stories; family history; stories of friends; acquisition of property; snow plowing with horses.
NA1321 By Sharon Weiss, spring 1980, Islesboro, Maine. Paper deals with stories collected on Islesboro about shipwrecks; Ryder’s Light; ghost lights; rum-running; forerunners and ghost stories. Also included: news clipping.
NA1431 Billy Edwards, interviewed by Judy Laster, fall 1980, Brunswick, Maine. Edwards talks about the history of Brunswick during Prohibition; rum-running; police chief Edwards; and how he dealt with the problem.
NA1453 Carolyn Richins, fall 1980, Warwick, Rhode Island. Paper on "Rum-running in Warwick, RI."
NA1793 Malcolm Graves (also known as Joe Green), interviewed by Pamela Dean, spring 1984, Northeast Harbor, Maine. Copy of Northeast Harbor Library interview with Graves in 1977 about his rum running activities during the Prohibition years on Mount Desert Island. RESTRICTED.
NA2207 Albert Jackson, interviewed by Jeffrey “Smokey” McKeen, December 2, 1991, Morrill, Maine. Jackson talks about the federal government purchase of Frye Mountain land during the Great Depression; story of his grandfather’s (illegal) still; grandfather’s business as an auctioneer; making and selling bootleg alcohol during Prohibition; community knowledge of the bootlegging; and his grandfather’s experience letting 500 hogs loose on the mountain.
NA2276 Alton Gerrish, interviewed by Anne Hopper, fall 1992, Winter Harbor, Maine. Gerrish talks about the Prohibition Era in the Winter Harbor area: as a resident of Winter Harbor and as a member of the U. S. Coast Guard on patrol. Also included is a copy of the Bangor Daily News article (January 22, 1931) “Hi-jackers strew shore with high-grade booze” and the interviewer’s journal.
NA2431 Rosalie “Rose” Bosse Flanagan and Flora Bosse, interviewed by Adeline “Connie” St. Louis, Yvonne Ouellette, and Betty Maderos, November 22, 1993, Old Town, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. The two sisters talk about growing up on French Island in Old Town; family history; emigration from Canada; neighbors; swimming; ball games; food shopping on the Island; ice and milk delivery; parents' work; Great Depression; changes on the Island; vegetable gardens; keeping pigs and chickens; Christmas celebrations; French food; St. Joseph School; speaking French at home and school; buying and making clothes; funeral customs and wakes; bootlegging and homebrew; tobacco use; present-day use of French, and extent to which their children's generation speak French. Restriction expired January 1, 2000. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2450 Brian and Anna MacLeod, interviewed by Shawna Chesto, fall 1996, Brewer, Maine. The MacLeods talk about making alcohol during prohibition and their relationship with the Curran family.
NA2487 William Cavallini, interviewed by Pauleena MacDougall, May 16, 1997, in Harwich, Massachusetts. Cavallini discusses his experiences rum-running on the coast of Maine, Massachusetts, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia during Prohibition; operating the radio on rum-running boats beginning 1930; packaging of liquor; unloading at night; locations where liquor was unloaded; recollections of Meteghan, Nova Scotia; boat specifications; pay; killing of rum-runners; pastimes when not running rum; names of rum-running boats; evading the Coast Guard; changes to rum-running after Prohibition ended; operating radios on shore; hiding liquor; and individuals involved in the rum-running business. Images RESTRICTED until 2075.
NA2607 Accession consists of two sets of interviews and papers by Nancy P. Alexander. 1) Aldiverd Norton and Dorothy Norton, interviewed by Alexander for ANT 425, October 23, 1998. Paper titled “Interview with Aldiverd Norton and Dorothy Norton.” The Nortons talk about their home on 700 Acre Island in the town of Islesboro; A. Norton’s ownership of the boatyard; their two children; WWII; A. Norton’s health problems; Norton’s Island. Also included: follow-up note; map of 700 acre island. 2) Jack Leach, Ralph Gray, and others, interviewed/collected by Alexander, spring 1988. Paper titled “A Law Which Was Meant to be Broken: Rum-running in Islesboro During Prohibition, based on oral histories and stories.” Leach and Gray talk about rum-running during the Prohibition; Ralph Leach.
NA2761 Benoit Bouchard, Bernard “Bing” Bouchard, Albert “Bert” Morin, Walter Nadeau, and Beatrice Morin, interviewed by Amy Bouchard Morin, February 18, 1994, at Albert and Amy Morin's home in Old Town, Maine, for the "Islands and Bridges" project. The group reminisces about life on French Island: family relationships; where specific families lived; stores; carpenter work; Great Depression; prices; homebrew, bootlegging, and Prohibition; nicknames; music and dances; cutting and storing ice from the river; coal and grain from the railroad; cellar flooding; property ownership and land use on the island; drainage and sewers; food packaging, barrels and boxes of pickles, crackers, molasses, etc.; buying gasoline; driving in the 1920s; stretching candy; smoking; buying houses in the 1940s and 1950s; fishing; delivering mail; nosy neighbors; funerals; helpful neighbors; college students. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2765 Eva Collins, interviewed by Carol Nichols and Adeline “Connie” St. Louis, November 22, 1993, in Old Town, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. Collins discusses moving to French Island after her marriage; LaBree's bakery; other stores and businesses; speaking French; neighbors; adult's and children's entertainment; holidays; blood sausages (boudin); boxing; Great Depression; Prohibition and homebrew; changes on the Island. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2767 Yvonne Shorette Currier, interviewed by Carol Nichols and Adeline “Connie” St. Louis, November 22, 1993, at her home in Old Town, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. Currier, born on French Island in 1908, discusses St. Joseph's school and the Island school; friends and family; children's games; French at home and English at school; parent's work; traditional foods; Silver Slipper dance hall; changes on the Island; Christmas; family names of French Islanders; movie theaters; peddlers, including the iceman; nicknames; homebrew and bootlegging. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2770 Patrick (Leo) Lagasse, interviewed by Carol Nichols, June 4 or 6, 1993, at his home in Westbrook, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. Lagasse talks about his memories of French Island in Old Town; nicknames; French and the French Island school; factory and mill work; Great Depression; dairy farming and milk as part of the daily diet; cutting ice from the Penobscot River; lumberyard on Hildreth Street; polio; Benoit Bouchard and Herbert Gray School; children's and adult's entertainment; grocery stores; Great Depression and WPA work; Old Town airport; Monday wash day; boxing matches; plumbing and the first bathtub on French Island; automobiles; Prohibition, homebrew, and bootleggers; shining shoes at the University of Maine; and WWII. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and Memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2771 Albert Michaud and Rita England Michaud, interviewed by Carol Nichols, July 27, 1993, at their home in Old Town, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. The Michauds discuss early memories of French Island; children's entertainment and games; why French Island was once called Skin Island; city dump; Shuffle Inn; softball; boxers; schools; meals; gardens; Mardi Gras and Lent; community and neighboring; Great Depression; 1936 flood; bootlegging; hunting, raising, selling, and eating rabbits and deer; and stores on the Island. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2775 Gloria Thornton and Doris Nadeau, interviewed by Albert Michaud, November 1993, at the Thornton's home in Milford, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project.The two sisters reminisce with their younger brother, Albert Michaud, about growing up on French Island in Old Town: schools; swimming and boating on the Penobscot river; bathing suits; Fourth of July; river drives of logs and pulpwood; New Year's celebration; businesses on the Island; Prohibition and bootlegging; nicknames; prejudice against the French; ice skating and sledding; Lent and saying the rosary; sewing circles; taking in boarders; neighborhood relationships; changing French names to English; and the Shuffle Inn. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2779 Cecile Pietrowski, interviewed by Carol Nichols and Adeline “Connie” St. Louis, August 14, 1993, in Old Town, Maine. For the "Islands and Bridges" project. Pietrowski talks about her experiences living on French Island in Old Town: short cuts; building patterns; bootlegging and home brew; Great Depression and food; women's baseball; boxing; nicknames; children's entertainment; holidays and traditional food; changes on the Island; women working outside the home; Shuffle Inn; why it was once called Skin Island; LaBree's bakery; churches and schools; father's work as a policeman. See also Nos Histoires de I’lle: History and memories of French Island, Old Town, Maine (1999).
NA2834 Fedime Morin, interviewed by Helen K. Atchison, circa 1971-1972. Conducted in French. Brief index. Morin, of Madawaska, talks about being a law enforcement officer; early law enforcement history; prohibition and early jails; anecdotes of his long career; and advances in equipment.
NA2863 Joseph Theriault and Mr. Clukey, interviewed by Helen K. Atchison, circa 1971-1972. Brief index. Theriault and Clukey, of Ashland, discuss the history of the Sheridan Mills settlement; the establishment of the mill community of Sheridan; bootlegging; wages at the mill; shipping lumber; the livery stable; railroad-tie making; building up the Ashland branch of the Bangor and Aroostook railroad; Russians and Polish as laborers; Walter Brenan--a woodsman at Oxbow Flats; guiding; and a blacksmith shop.
NA2963 Bert Frost, interviewed by C. Richard K. Lunt, March 20, 1970, Jonesport, Maine. Frost talks about his boyhood in Nova Scotia and his father's lifetime there, including boat characteristics, singing; transition from sail to motorized boats; characteristics of a Nova Scotia type lobster boat (Novie boats); move to Beals Island in 1912; history of boat designs in Beals Island area; characteristics of these changing boat designs; return to Nova Scotia during World War One; return to Jonesport after the war; first square-stern boat, 1924; rum-running boats; Jonesport lobster boat races; how to use fiberglass; canoes; converting a sail yacht to a dragger during WWII; design characteristics lobstermen want in their boats, Jonesport vs. New Jersey; sources for lumber and hardware; and boat buyers from out of state; Frost and a visitor debate design choices in boats; performance and durability of various materials, different wood; and seaworthiness of various designs.
NA2969 John Carroll, interviewed by C. Richard K. Lunt, September 28, 1963. Carroll tells stories told by and about Jones Tracy, including the bung hole story; a story about being chased by a bear; and a story about Jones Tracy and Frank Thompson getting liquor from a doctor in Bar Harbor during Prohibition. One of a series of interviews conducted by Richard Lunt in 1963 and 1964 which served as the basis for Lunt’s University of Maine M.A. thesis. Some material was also published as “Jones Tracy: Tall Tale Hero from Mount Desert Island” (Northeast Folklore, Vol. X).
NA2974 Clark Manring, interviewed by C. Richard K. Lunt, January 1, 1964, Northeast Harbor, Maine. Manring talks about Jones Tracy, his birth, his hunting philosophy; Bible knowledge; his health and his mother’s folk medicine; sources for his stories; “regular” vs. joke stories; origin of Jones’ name; schooling; others who listened to Jones’ stories; other storytellers on Mount Desert Island; also tells stories told by and about Jones Tracy, including: rain storm stories; Frank Thompson and gun kicking; deer shot around mountain; fog shingling; patting bullets along; 3 deer at one shot; getting liquor from a doctor during Prohibition; fishing on a bicycle; hat in road story; catching deer with finger; bung hole story; bear turned inside out; Steve Sargent and Jones story; and throwing fish over hackmatack tree. One of a series of interviews conducted by Richard Lunt in 1963 and 1964 which served as the basis for Lunt’s UMaine M.A. thesis. Some material was also published as “Jones Tracy: Tall Tale Hero from Mount Desert Island” (Northeast Folklore, Vol. X).
Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine
This collection consists of three interviews about the history of Cowing’s Tavern in Lisbon Falls, Maine.
NA1066 Walton Smith, interviewed by Linda Madden, July 2, 1976, Lisbon Falls, Maine. Smith talks about the Lisbon Falls Fire of 1901 and the destruction it caused; rebuilding after the fire; the Masonic Lodge; a play put on by the Masons; Cowings Tavern, built 1830; the tavern’s use as a stagecoach stop; local entertainment, selling farm products in Lewiston; buildings and families of Lisbon Falls; and a faith healing story.
NA1067 Leon Bard interviewed by Linda Madden, July 12, 1976, Lisbon Falls, Maine. Bard tells of Lisbon Falls in the early and mid-twentieth century; fire that burned Cowing’s Tavern in 1936; horses and their uses; poor performance and reputation of fire department; cutting, storing and selling ice; sawing clapboards; driving the snow roller; sleighs; work horses and their intelligence; dinner [lunch] breaks with his horses; transition to plowing with a truck in the 1930s; driving an oil truck; flood of 1936 which washed out a bridge; his schooling; Saturday night dances at the schoolhouse; and the sequence of a dance called “Hell’s Victory.”
NA1068 Geraldine Hale, interviewed by Linda Madden, summer 1976, Lisbon Falls, Maine. Hale talks about Cowing’s Tavern; trains; Worumbo; saw mills; 1936 flood; snow roller; steam fire engine. Booklet, "We Remember Lisbon Falls."
Special Collections, Raymond H. Fogler Library, University of Maine
Interviews and photographs compiled by Gordon Bowie relating to band music in Maine, and leading to Bowie’s UM dissertation entitled R. B. Hall and the Community Bands of Maine (May, 1993). Collection includes interviews with nine individuals. Topics covered include local performances at dance halls, theaters, and radio stations, musicians, Musicians Union Local 768, and other matters relating to community bands.
NOTE: A very large collection of materials relating to R. B. Hall and community bands of Maine and New England is located in Fogler Library Special Collections. This collection includes approximately 800 reels of tape containing performances and interviews recorded (ca. 1950-1985) by Thomas Bardwell, Sr. and Thomas Bardwell Jr. of Vineyard Haven, Mass.
NA2049 Merlin “Pete” Rogers, interviewed by Gordon W. Bowie, spring 1988, Bangor, Maine. First in a series of interviews with musicians concerning the history of the Bangor Band and dance music in the Bangor area. On this tape Rogers, age 84, talks about his life and music; Musicians Union Local 768; dance music in Montreal, Boston, etc. before World War II; performing for local theaters, dance halls, radio.
NA2050 Leo C. Thayer, interviewed by Gordon W. Bowie, spring 1988, Bangor, Maine. Part of Bowie’s series on the history of the Bangor Band and dance music in the Bangor area. Thayer, age 69, discusses his musical career; community band music; community music activities in Worcester, Massachusetts and Bangor, Maine.
NA2051 Samuel Viner, interviewed by Gordon W. Bowie, spring 1988, Bangor, Maine. Third in a series of interviews on the history of band and dance music in the Bangor area. Viner, age 79, talks about his life as a musician; Musicians Union Local 768; the Bangor Symphony; local radio.
NA2052 Samuel D. Wyman, Jr., interviewed by Gordon W. Bowie, spring 1988, Bangor, Maine. Last in a series of interviews about the history of the Bangor Band. Wyman talks about the various bands in the surrounding towns including Brewer, Corinna, Newport and Dexter; band organizer Paul Giles; music and attitudes before and after World War II. Also includes copies of newspaper clippings and a program from a 1934 performance of the Bangor Band.
NA2228 Arthur F. Roundy and James A. Varney, interviewed Thomas C. Bardwell, Sr. Donated by Gordon W. Bowie, spring 1992, Fairfield, Maine. A pair of interviews made by Bardwell on April 24, 1969. Roundy and Varney were the last surviving members of R. B. Hall’s Waterville Military Band.
NA2261 Arthur F. Roundy, James A. Varney, Charlie Wakefield and Robert Hoe, interviewed by Thomas C. Bardwell, Sr., donated by Gordon W. Bowie, 1968 and 1969, Fairfield, Brunswick, and Cherryfield, Maine. Interviews made with Roundy, Varney, Wakefield and Hoe, on various dates in 1968 and 1969, focusing on R. B. Hall’s works and band association.
NA2262 Ralph T. Gould, interviewed by Gordon W. Bowie, 1992, Cape Elizabeth, Maine. Gould talks about community bands in Maine; amateur music; and R. B. Hall. Contains papers and letters pertaining to Mr. Gould’s musical philanthropies and activities.
NA2580 Gordon W. Bowie, 1993, Bangor and Waterville, Maine; Albany, New York. A first draft typescript copy of Gordon Bowie’s Ph.D. dissertation for the University of Maine, R. B. Hall and the Community Bands of Maine (May, 1993). Dissertation discusses significance of R. B. Hall’s contribution to band music; history of Hall’s involvement with bands in Bangor, Waterville and Albany, NY; context of community bands; and specific Hall compositions. The paper draws from both primary and secondary source materials, including interviews with surviving band members. RESTRICTED. Relates to other accessions deposited by Bowie.