V. Susan Bennett-Armistead, Nell K. Duke, and Annie M. Moses
Research shows that literacy—the ability to listen, view, speak, read, and write - begins developing long before children enter elementary school. This book helps early childhood educators nurture that development. It begins with an argument for offering children literacy-rich activities and creating an environment for carrying out those activities. From there, it focuses on reading aloud, playing with words, and designing writing centers, book nooks, dramatic play areas, and other aspects of instruction.
Neil F. Comins
Based on the most recent edition of Discovering the Universe (©2006), this text is the most concise, option for introductory astronomy courses.
Neil F. Comins and William J. Kaufmann III
Discovering the Universe is the bestselling brief text for descriptive one-term astronomy courses (especially those with no mathematics prerequisites).
Russell J. Cook Editor volume 7 and Shannon E. Martin Editor volume 7
Volume 1: The French and Indian War; The Revolutionary War
Volume 2: The War of 1812; The Mexican-American War
Volume 3: The Civil War North; The Civil War South
Volume 4: The Indian Wars; The Spanish-American War
Volume 5: World War I; World War II, The European Theater
Volume 6: World War II, The Asian Theater; The Korean War
Volume 7: The Vietnam War; Post-Vietnam Conflicts
Volume 8: The Iraq Wars and the War on Terror & Index
The Greenwood Library of American War Reporting presents a unique and unfiltered presentation of American History from colonial days to the present through annotated primary documents of journalists and reporters writing as events occurred.
The definitive reference source on culture and history during wartime America's conflicts, each volume collects key news reports on battles, politics, the home front, peace talks, massacres, and much more. Substantial context-setting overviews introduce every volume, topical chapter, and unabridged primary source.
Over 2,500 annotated news reports - newspaper and magazine articles, and radio and television transcripts - and 400 drawings and photos cover every major and most minor conflicts over the past 250 years, from the French & Indian Wars to the War on Terror. Read history as it was being made in these immediate, raw, and often confused reports about life-and-death struggles on the front lines and the critical activities on the home front.
Elizabeth DePoy and Laura N. Gitlin
This clearly written, easy-to-understand book demystifies the research process and provides a rational foundation from which to critique and understand research designs and applications in health care and human service settings. Divided into five parts - Introduction, Thinking Processes, Design Approaches, Action Processes, and Improving Practice Through Inquiry - it explores multiple research strategies, proposing that naturalistic and experimental-type research strategies have equal value and contribute in complementary and distinct ways to the science of practice. Content in this edition has been significantly expanded and updated to reflect changes in the field, specifically in areas of ethics, informed consent, practice efficacy, and proposal-writing.
Suzanne E. Estler and Laurie Jan Nelson
Intercollegiate athletic programs continue to grow to financially, physically, and ethically challenged levels, despite institutions' stated priorities to the contrary. Organizational theories offer lenses for understanding why colleges and universities appear to make athletics decisions that do not seem to be in their interests. Exploring the forces—structural, legal, social and cultural, and market—external to the institution leads to an understanding of the environment’s role in constraining campus leaders’ choices.
The challenge is how to reap educational, social, and economic benefits from sports programs without harming the institution's academic and moral integrity. This volume explores how relatively independent forces constrain the ability of institutional, athletics, and faculty leaders to limit perceived excesses in the growth of intercollegiate athletics programs on their campuses and nationally. Academic and athletic cultures; historical precedent; external organizations and constituencies; external laws and regulations; and markets for athletics-related materials, entertainment, student-atheletes, and professionals: all bring outside forces to bear on the college culture, leadership, and decision making. This monograph explores how the unintended interactions of these forces constrain campus leadership of intercollegiate athletics and consider the resulting policy and leadership implications. It examines the unique historical role of football—and its associated commercialization and culture of masculinity—as shaping the foundational structure and regulation of college sports. The monograph concludes with campus leadership strategies and recommendations.
Duane C. Hanselman and Bruce Littlefield
This book covers all essential aspects of MATLAB presented within an easy-to-follow "learn while doing" tutorial format. Discussees all new features of the latest release of MATLAB. Discusses integration of MATLAB with C, FORTRAN, AND Java; increases MATLAB's power and flexibility in dealing with external algorithms, datasets, and operating system capabilities. Offers thorough coverage of indexing, vectorizing, and linear algebra. Features abundant examples throughout and includes a chapter that specifically covers extensive examples. Includes a comprehensive index.
Jeffrey E. Hecker and Geoffrey L. Thorpe
This text provides a broad overview of Clinical Psychology that introduces students to this interesting, diverse, and expanding discipline.
The text approaches clinical psychology in 4 main ways:
Emphasis upon science—the text examines and critiques research and practice in clinical psychology from a scientific perspective.
Emphasis upon controversies—The field of psychology was shaped by controversies; this text examines the conflict and controversies that continue to shape the discipline.
Emphasis upon contemporary clinical psychology—the text examines the field of contemporary clinical psychology.
Emphasis upon ethics—every chapter discusses ethical dilemmas faced by clinical psychologists.
Dianne Hoff and Marcia Diamond
Legal Issues for Maine Educators is a synthesis of constitutional, statutory, and case law applicable to Maine public schools. With litigation on the rise, it is important for educators to be current and well versed on legal issues as they wrestle with making decisions and providing services that fulfill state and federal requirements, while meeting the needs of students, fellow educators, parents and advocates. Expanded and updates, this second edition covers more than 90 topics, with new sections on discrimination, use of school facility, No Child Left Behind and the 2005 Reauthorization of IDEA, among others. It provides both fast answers and in-depth analysis of current legal issues; each section begins with a "Quick Reference" section, which succinctly lists the most pertinent application of law. This is followed by "What the Law Says," a more detailed explanation of the issues. And finally, each section ends with "Authority," listing citations for the applicable statutes and cases. Complete and cross-referenced, Legal Issues for Maine Educators is designed to support busy practitioners. The cases in this book, which are included to illustrate legal issues, may not all be binding legal authority in Maine. They were chosen, however, to represent national trends on various issues. Readers should keep in mind that this text does not provide legal advice, nor is it a substitute for legal counsel when faced with potential litigation. Rather, it is designed to help educators recognize the legal implications imbedded within the issues they face every day, and to assist them in making legally defensible decisions that avoid the potential for litigation.
Relatively simple concepts are followed by more mathematically advanced chapters. Develops concepts from the bottom up: a working knowledge of calculus is assumed, but beyond that, the important physical processes are developed from elementary principles.
Draws many connections between recent glaciological research and topics of concern to glacial geologists including the origin of ice-age landforms and modeling of vanished ice sheets.
Stephen John Hornsby and Michael James Hermann
Reflecting the growing scholarly interest in transnational and comparative approaches to studying the past, British Atlantic, American Frontier offers a geographical perspective on the development of British America in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It covers in detail not only the American eastern seaboard, but also eastern Canada and the West Indies, as well as the trans-Atlantic links to Western Europe and West Africa. At one level, the book synthesizes much of the current historical and geographical scholarship on these regions; at another level, it offers a provocative interpretation of British America, arguing that profound and long-standing differences existed between the American eastern seaboard and the Atlantic regions of eastern Canada and the West Indies. These differences ultimately led to the break-up of British America, the creation of the United States, and the reconfiguration of the British Empire.
Stephen John Hornsby and John G. Reid
New England and Canada's Maritime provinces share centuries-old connections. In "New England and the Maritime Provinces", leading scholars examine this important relationship through analysis of themes common to both regions and show the effects of the evolution of the region from a borderland with ill-defined boundaries to a bordered land with defined political borders. They demonstrate that such boundaries are never absolute and that in some ways the region remains a social, cultural, and environmental borderland. A significant addition to the growing field of transnational studies, "New England and the Maritime Provinces" reveals a relationship that, although sometimes troubled, retains its importance in the current era of globalization
Wendy C. Kasten, Janice V. Kristo, Amy A. McClure, and Abigail Garthwait
This is the ideal book to help prospective teachers improve children's reading and language arts skills and instill in them a genuine and lasting love of reading. The book demonstrates numerous ways to integrate literature into the daily fabric of classroom life. Following a solid grounding in the basics every reading teacher needs, individual chapters explore genres of children's literature and teaching strategies specific to each genre. Then, the authors examine currently accepted effective practices for engaging young readers in hands-on reading in a way that fosters a love of literature that will last a lifetime. Early childhood and elementary education literature and language arts teachers.
Diameter-Limit Cutting and Silviculture in Northeastern Forests: A Primer for Landowners, Practitioners and Policymakers
Laura S. Kenefic and Ralph D. Nyland
Hardy Manley and William B. Krohn
Begins with a biographical sketch of Hardy by William B. Krohn, followed by Hardy's republished articles, two of which are long essays about trips he took in the North Maine Woods, while the others are shorter pieces on caribou, cougar, lynx, moose, otter, porpoise, sea mink (now extinct), wolves, and other wildlife species.
Kyriacos C. Markides
In Kyriacos C. Markides’s newest book, Eastern Orthodox mysticism meets Western Christianity as the internationally renowned author takes readers on a deep journey back in time to unveil the very roots of authentic spirituality. In his previous book The Mountain of Silence, Markides introduced us to the essential spiritual nature of Eastern Orthodoxy in a series of lively conversations with Father Maximos, the widely revered charismatic Orthodox bishop and former abbot of the isolated monastery on Mount Athos. In Gifts of the Desert, Markides continues his examination of Easter Orthodox mystical teachings and practices and captures its living expression through visits to monasteries and hermitages in Greece and America and interviews with contemporary charismatic elders, both male and female.
Markides’s pursuit of a deeper understanding of Orthodoxy takes him to the deserts of Arizona and a stay at a new monastery in Sedona; to the island of Cyprus and a reunion with Father Maximos; on a pilgrimage to holy shrines aboard a cruise ship in the Aegean Sea; and finally to the legendary Mount Athos, home to more than two thousand Orthodox monks. Markides relates his journey and reflections in a captivating style while providing important background material and information on historical events to give readers a highly accessible, in-depth portrait of a tradition little known in the West.
Michael P. McCauley
The people who shaped America's public broadcasting system thought it should be "a civilized voice in a civilized community" -- a clear alternative to commercial broadcasting. This book tells the story of how NPR has tried to embody this idea. Michael P. McCauley describes NPR's evolution from virtual obscurity in the early 1970s, when it was riddled with difficulties -- political battles, unseasoned leadership, funding problems -- to a first-rate broadcast organization.
The book draws on a wealth of primary evidence, including fifty-seven interviews with people who have been central to the NPR story, and it places the network within the historical context of the wider U.S. radio industry. Since the late 1970s, NPR has worked hard to understand the characteristics of its audience. Because of this, its content is now targeted toward its most loyal listeners -- highly educated baby-boomers, for the most part -- who help support their local stations through pledges and fund drives.
Matthew C. Moen, Kenneth Palmer, and Richard J. Powell
Since the early 1990s, whether elected representatives at the state and national levels should be limited to a specific term of office has been a contentious public policy question. Changing Members examines the case of Maine, which in 1996 became the first state in the entire nation where legislative term limits took effect in both chambers. Authors Matthew C. Moen, Kenneth T. Palmer, and Richard J. Powell have combined original survey data collected from Maine's legislators, several dozen interviews with legislators and other political elites, and participant observation of committee and floor proceedings to provide a complete picture of the new term limits' effects. Challenging conventional thinking on term limits and offering predictions of their likely impact in other states with citizens' legislatures, Changing Members is an essential source for citizens, elected officials and government workers, and scholars of political science.
First published as two separate chapbooks in 1995 and 1996, Often Capital explores the tensions between political commitment and personal desire. Moxley draws in part on the love letters of the Polish radical Rosa Luxemburg in searching out a habitable space for resistance. Moxley employs techniques of collage and juxtaposition as well as narration to sound her subject. Yet the lean, sonorous lines that result leap out of any categorical dichotomies.
Justina C. Ray Editor, Kent H. Redford Editor, Robert Steneck Editor, and Joel Berger Editor
Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity brings together more than thirty leading scientists and conservation practitioners to consider a key question in environmental conservation: Is the conservation of large carnivores in ecosystems that evolved with their presence equivalent to the conservation of biological diversity within those systems? Building their discussions from empirical, long-term data sets, contributors including James A. Estes, David S. Maehr, Tim McClanahan, Andr?s J. Novaro, John Terborgh, and Rosie Woodroffe explore a variety of issues surrounding the link between predation and biodiversity: What is the evidence for or against the link? Is it stronger in marine systems? What are the implications for conservation strategies?
Large Carnivores and the Conservation of Biodiversity is the first detailed, broad-scale examination of the empirical evidence regarding the role of large carnivores in biodiversity conservation in both marine and terrestrial ecosystems. It contributes to a much more precise and global understanding of when, where, and whether protecting and restoring top predators will directly contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Everyone concerned with ecology, biodiversity, or large carnivores will find this volume a unique and thought-provoking analysis and synthesis.
Howard P. Segal
Recasting the Machine Age recounts the history of Henry Ford s efforts to shift the production of Ford cars and trucks from the large-scale factories he had pioneered in the Detroit area to nineteen decentralized, small-scale plants within sixty miles of Ford headquarters in Dearborn. The visionary who had become famous in the early twentieth century for his huge and technologically advanced Highland Park and River Rouge complexes gradually changed his focus beginning in the teens and continuing until his death in 1947.
Ford may well have been motivated to spend great sums on the village industries in part to prevent the unionization of his company. But these industrial experiments represented much more than union busting. They were significant examples of profound social, cultural, and ideological shifts in America between the World Wars as reflected in the thought and practice of one notable industrialist.
Howard P. Segal recounts the development of the plants, their fate after Ford s death, their recent revival as part of Michigan s renewed appreciation of its industrial heritage, and their connections to contemporary efforts to decentralize high-tech working and living arrangements.
Howard P. Segal
Anthony Stefanidis Editor and Silvia Nittel Editor
GeoSensor Networks addresses multiple research challenges related to real-time geosensor data collection, management, analysis, and delivery. It examines these issues in a collection of papers submitted by experts in diverse research domains. Providing a cross-disciplinary forum that will foster collaboration and development, this volume has four sections, each of which represents a major aspect of geosensor networks: databases; image processing; computer networks; and applications. Combined, these papers deliver an excellent snapshot of the state-of-the-art in these fields, and offer a thoughtful and balanced evaluation of the potential and emerging challenges of these networks.
Robert A. Strong
Bob Strong's practical, applied approach, and his ability to explain the intuition underlying the math, makes this text the first truly accessible, yet comprehensive, derivatives book.
Marli F. Weiner Editor
Fourteen essays on Maine women's history. "Taken together, their stories enrich our understanding of Maine, of women, and of history".
Michael J. Wittmann, Richard N. Steinberg, and Edward F. Redish
Built on the foundations of Halliday, Resnick, and Walker's Fundamentals of Physics Sixth Edition, this text is designed to work with interactive learning strategies that are increasingly being used in physics instruction (for example, microcomputer-based labs, interactive lectures, etc. ). In doing so, it incorporates new approaches based upon Physics Education Research (PER), aligns with courses that use computer-based laboratory tools, and promotes Activity Based Physics in lectures, labs, and recitations.
Steven E. Barkan and George J. Bryjak
The criminal justice system is a key social institution pertinent to the lives of citizens everywhere. Fundamentals of Criminal Justice: A Sociological View, Second Edition provides a unique social context to explore and explain the nature, impact, and significance of the criminal justice system in everyday life. This introductory text examines important sociological issues including class, race, and gender inequality, social control, and organizational structure and function.
Sandra S. Butler Editor, Valerie Polakow Editor, Luisa Stormer Deprez Editor, and Peggy Kahn Editor
Documents the economic, educational, and existential struggles that single mothers in poverty confront in the current welfare climate. Shut Out portrays in vivid detail the economic, educational, and existential struggles that single mothers confront as they fight back against a welfare-to-work regime that denies them access to higher education and obstructs their aspirations as autonomous women, determined to exit poverty and attain family self-sufficiency. The book is a unique blend of policy analysis and lived realities. The voices of student mothers fighting to stay in school, and organizing for a different future, are embedded in an analysis grounded in the educational experiences of women in poverty across the states. Harsh and punitive public policies that are designed to keep poor women trapped in low wage work are juxtaposed against the actions of those who, together with their allies, have resisted—inspired by a vision of a different world made possible by higher education.
Contributing authors discuss the provisions of the 1996 "welfare reform" (PRWORA) Act and the myriad of statewide responses to educational options within the framework of national legislation. In documenting the multiple obstacles and policy restrictions that low income women face, the book also highlights successful state programs, institutional practices, and community-based programs that afford low income women educational opportunities. The afterword summarizes recent legislative developments and makes policy and advocacy recommendations for the future.
Theodore Coladarci, Casey D. Cobb, Edward W. Minium, and Robert C. Clarke
A statistics book specifically geared towards the education community. This book gives educators the statistical knowledge and skills necessary in everyday classroom teaching, in running schools, and in professional development pursuits. It emphasizes conceptual development with an engaging style and clear exposition.
* An emphasis on statistics common to local and large-scale assessment
* A case study approach, which models the process of data analysis, conceptualizes the learning of challenging statistical concepts, and addresses high stakes testing
* Step-by-step calculations for worked problems
Neil F. Comins
Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen French Gilson
This book provides a theoretical lens through which to view Disability. Rather than taking a medical-diagnostic stance, which has been the traditional perspective, the authors explain disability as category in which membership is based on of judgments about explanations for what people do, experience and how they appear. In Part I, the authors discuss various aspects of the history and current trends, which influence how disability is defined and addressed. In Part II, Explanatory Legitimacy' (EL) theory is explained in detail and applied to an analysis of disability. In Part III, the EL theory is applied to rethinking disability now and in the future.
Max J. Egenhofer Editor, Christian Freksa Editor, and Harvey J. Miller Editor
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Geographic Information Science, GIScience 2004, held in Adelphi, MD, USA in October 2004.
The 25 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from many submissions. Among the topics addressed are knowledge mapping, geo-self-organizing maps, space syntax, geospatial data integration, geospatial modeling, spatial search, spatial indexing, spatial data analysis, mobile ad-hoc geosensor networks, map comparison, spatiotemporal relations, ontologies, and geospatial event modeling.
GIScience 2004 : the Third International Conference on Geographic Information Science, October 20-23, 2004, The Inn and Conference Center, University of Maryland University College, Adelphi, Maryland, U.S.A. : Extended Abstracts and Poster Summaries
Max J. Egenhofer Editor, Christian Freksa Editor, and Harvey J. Miller Editor
This study offers an overview of avant-garde American poetry of the latter 20th century - a flourishing movement in American letters. The four experiments in literary criticism vary in style and viewpoint. Taken together, they reassess the fundamental relationship between poetry and criticism.
Anna Anna Gosetti-Ferencei
Daniel J. Harrison Editor, Angela K. Fuller Editor, and Gilbert Proulx Editor
Martens and Fishers (Martes) in Human-Altered Environments: An International Perspective examines the conditions where humans and martens are compatible and incompatible, and promotes land use practices that allow Martes to be representatively distributed and viable.
All Martes have been documented to use forested habitats and 6 species (excluding the stone marten) are generally considered to require complex mid- to late-successional forests throughout much of their geographic ranges. All species in the genus require complex horizontal and vertical structure to provide escape cover protection from predators, habitat for their prey, access to food resources, and protection from the elements. Martens and the fisher have high metabolic rates, have large spatial requirements, have high surface area to volume ratios for animals that often inhabit high latitudes, and often require among the largest home range areas per unit body weight of any group of mammals. Resulting from these unique life history characteristics, this genus is particularly sensitive to human influences on their habitats, including habitat loss, stand-scale simplification of forest structure via some forms of logging, and landscape-scale effects of habitat fragmentation. Given their strong associations with structural complexity in forests, martens and the fisher are often considered as useful barometers of forest health and have been used as ecological indicators, flagship, and umbrella species in different parts of the world. Thus, efforts to successfully conserve and manage martens and fishers are associated with the ecological fates of other forest dependent species and can greatly influence ecosystem integrity within forests that are increasingly shared among wildlife and humans.
We have made great strides in our fundamental understanding of how animals with these unique life history traits perceive and utilize habitats, respond to habitat change, and how their populations function and perform under different forms of human management and mismanagement. This knowledge enhances our basic understanding of all species of Martes and will help us to achieve the goal of conserving viable populations and representative distributions of the world’s Martes, their habitats, and associated ecological communities in our new millennium.
Diane C. Haslett
This nuts-and-bolts workbook provides students with an overview of the essential information they need to know about practice with groups, along with a wealth of experiential exercises, both verbal and nonverbal.
Martin Heidegger, Matthias Fritsch Translator, and Jennifer Anna Gosetti-Ferencei Translator
The Phenomenology of Religious Life presents the text of Heidegger’s important 1920–21 lectures on religion. The volume consists of the famous lecture course Introduction to the Phenomenology of Religion, a course on Augustine and Neoplatonism, and notes for a course on The Philosophical Foundations of Medieval Mysticism that was never delivered. Heidegger’s engagements with Aristotle, St. Paul, Augustine, and Luther give readers a sense of what phenomenology would come to mean in the mature expression of his thought. Heidegger reveals an impressive display of theological knowledge, protecting Christian life experience from Greek philosophy and defending Paul against Nietzsche.
Renate Klein and Bernard Wallner
Based on studies presented at the 6th Interdisciplinary Conference on Conflict, Gender, and Violence in Vienna, this volume contributes to the field of interdisciplinary gender research and provides useful information for those working on sexual harassment and other issues. The broad-based collaboration of contributors reflects an equally wide range of theoretical underpinnings and methodological choices with a three-fold goal: first, to provide unique opportunities to network across disciplines and redirect established ways of thinking; second, to examine the "added value" of work generated within European cultural contexts and disseminate it to an international audience; and finally, to stimulate innovative thinking and serve as a springboard for joint creative projects that benefit from cross-national or interdisciplinary research.
Dorothy J. Klimis-Zacas and Ira Wolinsky
Women's health and nutrition concerns have moved to the forefront of research with the mandate by the National Institutes of Health to include women in formerly male-only studies assessing responses to diet and disease. This second edition of a popular and highly praised resource provides new research results that detail the prevalence of and different manifestations of diseases in women.
With more contributions by leading authorities, Nutritional Concerns of Women, Second Edition updates the knowledge base of nutrition and health interactions unique to women through the life cycle. It includes new chapters on obesity, diabetes, thyroid diseases, and musculoskeletal and rheumatic diseases. Additionally, it covers societal influences, nutrition in the adolescent female, menopause, and vegetarianism. This new, awaited edition also examines the roles that gender and culture play on nutrition.
Nonfiction in Focus: A Comprehensive Framework for Helping Students Become Independent Readers and Writers of Nonfiction, K-6
Janice V. Kristo and Rosemary A. Bamford
John H. Lounsbury and Edward N. Brazee
Used in conjunction with This We Believe, NMSA’s position paper, this professional development kit contains all the necessary materials and activities to gain a full understanding of the middle level concept in preparation for implementation. Any school with young adolescents, regardless of school name or grades included, can successfully use this kit.
Although historians predicted the demise of the Penobscot Indians early in the nineteenth century, the tribe is thriving at the opening of the twenty-first century. Having by the early 1800s been rendered all but invisible to the dominant culture, the Penobscots, by selectively adapting to changing circumstances, won back land and visibility. The vital importance of employing elements of cultural resistance as a survival mechanism has, until now, been underestimated. In a larger context, Dance of Resistance demonstrates how an examination of the history of one Indian nation provides a window on the complex interaction of cultural systems in America.
MacDougall demonstrates that Penobscot legend, linguistics, dance, and oral tradition became "foundations of resistance" against assimilation into the dominant culture. She thoughtfully and accessibly reconstructs from published, archival, and oral sources the tribe’s metaphorical and triumphant "Dance of Resistance"—founded on spiritual power, reverence for homeland, and commitment to self-determination—from colonial times to the present. A decade of political activism culminated in the precedent-setting 1980 Maine Indian Land Claims settlement. Today the Penobscots run small industries, manage their natural resources, and provide health services, K through 8 education, and social services to the poor and elderly of their community.
William C. Murphy, Jim Nicholson, Valerie J. Carter, and Jane Crouch
Michael J. Wittmann, Richard N. Steinberg, and Edward F. Redish
The Activity-Based Tutorials are designed to accompany and enhance lecture instruction. They have been developed using a cycle of physics education research, including investigations into student learning on a given topic, development of materials, and revision of the materials based on evaluation after use in the classroom. Activity-Based Tutorials, Volume 1: Introductory Physics presents tutorials for topics in kinematics dynamics, oscillations, waves, heat and temperature, electrostatics, and circuits.
Mike Worboys and Matt Duckham
GIS: A Computing Perspective, Second Edition, provides a full, up-to-date overview of GIS, both Geographic Information Systems and the study of Geographic Information Science. Analyzing the subject from a computing perspective, the second edition explores conceptual and formal models needed to understand spatial information, and examines the representations and data structures needed to support adequate system performance. This volume also covers the special-purpose interfaces and architectures required to interact with and share spatial information, and explains the importance of uncertainty and time. The material on GIS architectures and interfaces as well as spatiotemporal information systems is almost entirely new.
The second edition contains substantial new information, and has been completely reformatted to improve accessibility. Changes include:
* A new chapter on spatial uncertainty
* Complete revisions of the bibliography, index, and supporting diagrams
* Supplemental material is offset at the top of the page, as are references and links for further study
* Definitions of new terms are in the margins of pages where they appear, with corresponding entries in the index
One of the most pressing concerns of environmentalists and policy makers is the overexploitation of natural resources. Efforts to regulate such resources are too often undermined by the people whose livelihoods depend on their use. One of the great challenges for wildlife managers in the twenty-first century is learning to create the conditions under which people will erect effective and workable rules to conserve those resources.
James M. Acheson, author of the best-selling Lobster Gangs of Maine (the seminal work on the culture and economics of lobster fishing), here turns his attention to the management of the lobster industry. In this illuminating new book, he shows that resource degradation is not inevitable. Indeed, the Maine lobster fishery is one of the most successful fisheries in the world. Catches have been stable since World War II, and record highs have been achieved since the late 1980s. According to Acheson, these high catches are due, in part, to the institutions generated by the lobster-fishing industry to control fishing practices. These rules are effective.
Rational choice theory frames Acheson’s down-to-earth study. Rational choice theorists believe that the overexploitation of marine resources stems from their common-pool nature, which results in collective action problems. In fisheries, what is rational for the individual fishermen can lead to disaster for the society. The progressive Maine lobster industry, lobster fishermen, and local groups have solved a series of such problems by creating three different sets of regulations: informal territorial rules; rules to control the number of traps; and formal conservation legislation. In recent years, the industry has successfully influenced new regulations at the federal level and has developed a strong co-management system with the Maine government. The process of developing these rules has been quite acrimonious; factions of fishermen have disagreed over lobster rules designed to give commercial advantage to one group or another. Although fishermen and scientists have come to share a conservation ethic, they often disagree over how to best conserve the lobster and even the quality of science.
The importance of Capturing the Commons is twofold: it provides a case study of the management of one highly successful fishery, which can serve as a management model for policy makers, politicians, and local communities; and it adds to the body of theory concerning the conditions under which people will and will not devise institutions to manage natural resources.
Steven E. Barkan
This best selling software-based workbook lets students explore dozens of sociological topics and issues, using data from the United States and around the world. With the workbook and accompanying ExplorIt software and data sets, students won't just read about what other sociologists have done, they will discover sociology for themselves.
Mark D. Brewer
Relevant No More? The Catholic/Protestant Divide in American Electoral Politics re-examines current prevailing views on the political affiliations of religious voters. Analysing both the history of religious voting behavior and current trends, author Mark Brewer argues that the supposedly drastic shift of the allegiance of American Catholics from the Democratic party to the Republican party has been greatly exaggerated. He then provides a fascinating exploration of the views and outlooks which divide Catholic and Protestant voting behavior, making a convincing case that many of these differences originate in the religions' world views. Highly empirical and creative,Relevant No More? provides new insight into interactions between religious values and voting behavior in America.
Sandra S. Butler and Lenard W. Kaye
Gerontological Social Work in Rural Towns and Communities provides a range of intervention and community skills aimed precisely at the needs of rural elders. This book fills a gap in the literature by focusing on the specific practice concerns for social workers assisting older adults in rural areas, including the aging experience, social worker skills, professional functions, working with special populations, and health and long-term care concerns. This valuable resource will benefit social workers, gerontologists, allied health professionals in rural areas, health and human services administrators and managers.
Gerontological Social Work in Rural Towns and Communities explores the challenges social workers need to overcome when working with the elder community in rural areas. This book’s significance to social workers will only increase as more adults choose to live and grow old away from the cities. Experts in the field suggest strategies to overcome barriers in planning and providing services such as:
* a longer distance for the elderly to travel to use social service centers
* a narrower range of available services in the local area
* increased poverty levels for the elderly
* a stronger dependency by elderly on family rather than public assistance
This book is divided into five sections:
Rurality and Aging—introduces the concept of rurality and examines the demographics of aging from a rural perspective.
Practice Dimensions of Social Work with Rural Elders—includes clinical practice models, intervention and advocacy techniques, program planning, and marketing approaches.
Special Populations—gives attention to four special population groups: indigenous elders, African-American older adults, elderly Latinos, and disabled elders.
Special Issues Pertaining to Rural Elders—covers five essential issues for rural gerontological social workers: health promotion, older workers and retirement preparation, aging in place, specialized housing, and ethical practice.
Training and Policy Recommendations—future training and education recommendations for social workers are explored, as well as service capacity building, the aging network, and the future of long-term care.
While a variety of theoretical perspectives are explored in Gerontological Social Work in Rural Towns and Communities, the book’s empowerment orientation and strengths-based approach will enhance your abilities to improve quality of life for elderly individuals in rural communities. Each chapter contains a comprehensive review of the literature on the subject it addresses, and several chapters include tables and graphs to further establish their revealing empirical findings. An appendix provides additional sources to turn to for more information.