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Gypsum mines develop into water ponds which attract livestock and wildlife to drink water. The soil is sticky, slippery and unstable; there is loss of wildlife and herders' normally loose livestock in the process as they get trapped while drinking water. The water ponds have fish which has attracted fishermen from other areas...wildlife/livestock and local communities compete for water resources from L. Jipe. The shoats were driven away by elephants. Women who were fetching water literally ran away when the elephants approached. Watering places are good sites for livestock predation too.
Lilieholm, Robert, "Fragmentation of the Kitengela Ecosystem, Kenya" (2014). University of Maine Office of Research and Sponsored Programs: Grant Reports. 21.