Document Type


Publication Title



AHA Journals

Publication Date


First Page


Last Page


Issue Number


Volume Number


Abstract/ Summary

In this review of the literature and commentary, we examine the literature on automated blood pressure (BP) measurements in the office and clinic. Our purpose is to revisit issues as to the pros and cons of automated BP measurement published in Hypertension in June 2020 and to identify areas needing additional research. Despite initial reservations about automated BP, it is here to stay. A number of experts suggest that human error will be reduced when we move from the more complex skills required by aneroid sphygmomanometer measurement to the fewer skills and steps required by automated BP measurement. Our review indicates there is still need for reduction in errors in automated BP assessment, for example, retraining programs and monitoring of assessment procedures. We need more research on the following questions: (1) which classes of health care providers are least likely to measure BP accurately, usually by ignoring necessary steps; (2) how accurate is BP assessment by affiliated health care providers for example the dental office, the optometrist; and (3) why do some dedicated and well-informed health care professionals fail to follow simple directions for automated BP measurement? We offer additional solutions for improving automated BP assessment in the office and clinic.

Citation/Publisher Attribution

Elias MF, Goodell AL. Human Errors in Automated Office Blood Pressure Measurement: Still Room for Improvement. Hypertension. 2021 Jan;77(1):6-15. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.16164. Epub 2020 Dec 8. PMID: 33296246.




publisher's version of the published document



Rights Statement

In Copyright