Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a psychological disorder currently recognized by the DSM-IV-TR, is typically associated with distorted cognitions, particularly in regards to high levels of excessive worry. Accordingly, much research has attempted to better understand these, and other cognitive factors that may predict symptoms consistent with such a diagnosis. One study conducted by Tull and colleagues (2009) found that cognitive factors such as anxiety sensitivity and difficulties in emotion regulation may serve as predisposing factors in the development of GAD. My study continues this line of research by assessing the predictive nature of several cognitive constructs (i.e., worry, rumination, coping styles, and anxiety sensitivity) in accordance with symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of GAD. Undergraduate students (N =285) completed anxiety-related measures on an online anxiety prediction study. Results indicated that women reported more generalized anxiety symptoms than men. In addition, regression analyses indicated gender differences in predictors of GAD. Coping strategies and rumination proved to add to the prediction of GAD.
Teer, Olivia Anna, "Gender Differences and Cognitive Constructs in Generalized Anxiety Disorder" (2012). Honors College. 84.