Document Type

Honors Thesis


International Affairs


Jessica Miller

Committee Members

Susan Bredlau, Kara Peruccio

Graduation Year

May 2023

Publication Date

Spring 2023


The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) Standards of Care publication one most-often cited in the defense of increasing attacks on transgender rights to gender-affirming healthcare, as it is the reigning body of clinical guidelines and recommendations for the medical treatment of transgender and gender-diverse populations developed for application in a global context. This paper recounts the history of the WPATH organization––formerly called the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association––and the evolution of its Standards publication. In light of historical and recent attacks on gender-affirming care, an overview of the material implications of the Standards’ changes as they pertain to legal and healthcare protections is also provided.