General University of Maine Publications

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Joe Zabriskie, editor

Jim Barrows, managing editor

Jerry Kominsky, business manager


University of Maine

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Publisher location

Orono, Maine

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Volume Number


Abstract/ Summary

Libraries and archives collect materials from different cultures and time periods to preserve and make available the historical record. As a result, materials such as those presented here may reflect sexist, misogynistic, abusive, racist, or discriminatory attitudes or actions that some may find disturbing, harmful, or difficult to view.

Both a humor and literary magazine, The Pine Needle was a University of Maine student periodical that began publication in the fall of 1946, the first post-World War II semester that saw GI's returning to campus.

Unlike past UMaine student publications, The Needle celebrated the sexualization of co-eds and the use of drugs, tobacco, and alcohol by students. Outrage expressed by older alumni resulted stricter oversight of the magazine beginning in 1947. By 1949, the first wave of World War II GI's were graduating and the restless, rebellious tone of The Needle began to shift as the threat of the Korean War loomed.

Cover art for the May 1950, Springtime issue features a pen-and-ink drawing by Bill Fogler, of a buxom statue of a female wearing a stylized, classical Greek gown. The form stands atop a low pedestal captioned, "Spring Morning." The figure overlays a background of stripes. The line-drawn background include figures evocative of mythical love, sex, and contrast between humans’ baser animal nature and civilized behavior. Figures include cupid, Pan, a unicorn,Centaurides, rabbits, birds, and flowers.

William A. Fogler (1929-1998), son of Raymond H. and Mabel Fogler graduated from the University of Maine in 1951 before going on to earn a degree in design from Pratt Institute of Brooklyn, N.Y. He earned a master's degree from Tufts University before completing his doctorate in Visual Psychology from the same institution in 1969. Fogler joined the Pratt Institute in 1962 as a part-time faculty member, receiving his full-time appointment in 1964. Fogler taught in the Foundation and Industrial Design departments at Pratt and was known through the college as "Dr. Design. He was only two years from retiring as a full professor when he died of cancer in 1998.

Publisher Statement

The Pine Needle is published by students of the University of Maine.


publisher's version of the published document

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