General University of Maine Publications

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Abstract/ Summary

Two government agencies regulate the use of animals. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) enforces the Animal Welfare Act. The Animal Welfare Act protects dogs, cats, nonhuman primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, and other warm-blooded animals used for research, teaching, testing, experimentation, or exhibition purposes. The second agency involved in regulating animal use is the Department of Health and Human Services, which is the home of the Public Health Service (PHS). Institutions that accept any PHS agency research funding must agree to follow PHS policy for animal research. The University of Maine does receive money from PHS. PHS policy covers all vertebrate species used for research, teaching, and testing. The Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) is responsible for monitoring institutional compliance with the PHS policy and guidelines.


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