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As national debate continues over the adequacy and fairness of educational programs and policies affecting girls and boys, there is no question that the widest current gender gap for learning achievement recorded by standardized measures is in the area of literacy. A growing research base has established that while the shortfall in girls' science and math achievement is improving across all socioeconomic classes, boys' scores on reading and literacy are far below those of girls and continue to slide. Further, many popular media accounts characterize boys as being in trouble, both in school and in other areas of their emotional and social lives.


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