Document Type


Associated Faculty

Dr. Valerie Herbert

Sponsoring Academic Department

School of Nursing

Publication Date

Spring 2023

Abstract/ Summary

In addressing the role of mental health screenings, a literature search was conducted using the following PICOT question: Within the course of the first year postpartum, do mothers aged 22-42 with newborns benefit from depression screenings and associated interventions as measured by reduced feelings of depression, anxiety, and psychosis, as compared to mothers who do not receive screenings and interventions? With one in every seven women developing postpartum depression, preventative measures can be taken to ensure women have the resources necessary to access treatment they need. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been proven to facilitate the use of mental health services for mothers with newborns. This literature review was conducted to investigate the effects of depression screening tools and associated interventions in the treatment of postpartum mental health symptoms of mothers. We conducted our search by utilizing CINAHL, google search, and Nursing Reference Center using the terms postpartum psychosis, postpartum depression, postpartum, mental health, and depression screenings. Inclusion criteria included peer-reviewed articles published between 2018 to present, and required at least two keywords. Articles were excluded that did not use mental health screenings or mothers outside of the age range. Thirteen articles were chosen that fell under this search criteria. Evidence shows application of EPDS during the postpartum period can identify mental health issues in new mothers, which facilitates the referral to associated resources and interventions. Timely identification of poor mental health is highly recommended.