Document Type


Associated Faculty

Valerie Herbert

Sponsoring Academic Department


Publication Date


Abstract/ Summary

This study aimed to look at naloxone administration in opioid overdose patients age 18-35 and its effect on patient outcomes in healthcare settings. From 1999 to 2018, deaths due to opioid overdoses experienced a six-fold increase in the United States. Naloxone is now being used in over 1% of all emergency medical service (EMS) encounters nationwide and EMS use is associated with subsequent overdose due to not receiving the community resources from the local emergency department (ED). Databases used were Umaine One Search, Nursing Reference Center Plus, and Cinahl Full Text Search. Search terms and phrases included, “naloxone availability,” “narcan,” “naloxone,” “opioid overdose and patient outcomes,” “readmission or rehospitalization.” Only articles published between 2017-2022 were used. Articles that did not discuss naloxone and patient outcomes were omitted. Ten articles were chosen that fell within the search criteria. Research suggests providers should require transport to the local ED when administering naloxone so that patients can receive available resources or offer the same resources through EMS to improve outcomes for overdose patients. Government and state funding should be increased for naloxone distribution, in addition to implementation of laws allowing direct dispensing of naloxone by pharmacists.


post-print (i.e. final draft post-refereeing with all author corrections and edits)

Abstract and References.pdf (91 kB)
Abstract and References

EBP Presentation.pptx (2667 kB)
Poster PowerPoint File



Rights Statement

In Copyright