Sponsoring Academic Department
School of Nursing
More than 18 million people in the United States suffer from depression, making it the number one cause of disability. Depression is the primary reason why every 14 minutes someone dies from suicide, creating an epidemic. Since the introduction of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) such as Prozac 30 years ago, only minor variations of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) antidepressants have been developed. Unfortunately, over 50% of individuals do not respond to antidepressants. In order to fight back against the mental health epidemic, a need exists to innovate new ways to fight chronic depression. In addressing the potential benefit that psychedelic therapy has on patients suffering from depression the following evidence-based PICOT question was addressed: In patients with chronic depression, does the use of psychedelic therapy, compared to patients prescribed antidepressants, improve mood and signs of depression? The search strategy method examined research articles in CINAHL and PsycINFO, focusing on the keywords “psychedelic therapy”, “depression”, “hallucinogens'', “psilocybin”, and “LSD”. Initially the search produced 40 articles, and was then narrowed by concentrating on peer reviewed articles between 2017 and 2022. Articles omitting key words were excluded. The literature suggests that continued utilization of psychedelic therapies to treat depressive disorders can significantly decrease symptoms and feelings of depression for some patients.
Silva, Louisy; Struppe, Lasse; and Proulx, Jared, "Psychedelic Therapy Versus Antidepressants for Treating Chronic Depression" (2022). Non-Thesis Student Work. 13.
post-print (i.e. final draft post-refereeing with all author corrections and edits)