Document Type


Associated Faculty

Dr. Valerie Herbert

Sponsoring Academic Department

School of Nursing

Publication Date

Fall 10-24-2022

Abstract/ Summary

In addressing the growing rates of newborn admissions with neonatal abstinence syndrome the following evidence-based PICOT question was addressed: In neonates with neonatal abstinence syndrome, how effective is methadone compared to the eat, sleep, console model in controlling withdrawal symptoms during the postnatal period? The high rate of opioid use across the United States has directly impacted the growing incidence rate of neonatal abstinence syndrome. Diagnoses in the United States have increased from 1.2 per 1000 births in 2000 to 5.8 per 1000 births in 2012 and are still growing (Grossman et al., 2018). Due to this dramatic increase, the need for effective treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome is more necessary than ever. A search for research articles was conducted within CINAHL and JORGNN using the terms and phrases “eat, sleep, console,” “methadone,” “neonatal abstinence syndrome,” “NAS,” and “substance use outcomes.” Search criteria required all research articles to have been published between 2017 and 2022. Articles that did not discuss the treatment of neonatal abstinence syndrome were excluded. 12 articles were chosen that fell within the search criteria. Research suggests that the eat, sleep, and console method decreases the length of stay in the hospital, decreases the use of pharmaceuticals, and is more effective in treating newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome.


publisher's version of the published document

Final EBP Abstract .pdf (106 kB)
Abstract, References, and Key Words



Rights Statement

In Copyright