Document Type



University of Maine Cooperative Extension and Maine Sea Grant

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Rights assessment remains the responsibility of the researcher. No known restrictions on publication.

Publication Date


Publisher location

Waldoboro, Maine

Abstract/ Summary

Willard Beach is a popular recreation area located in South Portland used primarily by families with young children. Routine monitoring at the beach revealed elevated bacteria levels, prompting the need for enhanced monitoring within the watershed to determine the nature and extent of potential bacteria inputs. Although the waste of domestic and wild animals can contribute to impaired water quality and pose a public health risk, efforts have focused primarily on identifying and removing human sources (e.g. malfunctioning septic systems, faulty sewer lines) of fecal pollution.


publisher's version of the published document



Rights Statement

No Copyright - United States