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This collection began with the research done by Rita Breton as part of her graduate work in history at the University of Maine. Breton conducted approximately twenty interviews with Maine women about their lives and work during the Great Depression and World War II. In addition, in the fall of 1982, students in Edward D. Ives’ class were asked to locate and interview people on the topic of womens’ lives during the Depression and WWII. The semester project yielded forty-five accessions. Collection also contains numerous photographs. Some of the interviews relate to Winkelman’s M. A. Thesis “Work is What Keeps You Going: The Life and Times of Bertha Moore Lord: An Experiment in Biography,” University of Maine, 1986.

NA1493 Evelyn Plummer Miller and Hortense Bradbury Monaghan, interviewed by Rita Breton, spring 1981, Orono, Maine. Miller and Monaghan talk about life of rural Maine women during the Great Depression; their work as home demonstration agents for the Maine Cooperative Extension Service in the 1930s.

NA1511 Alice Hunnewell, interviewed by Rita Breton, spring 1981, Augusta, Maine. Hunnewell talks about life during the Depression and WWII; teaching experiences, 1928 to 1954; Cooperative Extension work, 1954 to 1967.

NA1512 Doris Ladd, interviewed by Rita Breton, spring 1981, Hallowell, Maine. Ladd talks about life during the Depression in Brownville Junction & Milo, Maine; WWII years in Bath, Maine; Cooperative Extension work, 1950s and 1960s.

NA1513 Edna Dickey, interviewed by Rita Breton, spring 1981, Gorham, Maine. Dickey talks about college and teaching experiences during the Depression; her work as a farmerette in Maine’s Women’s Land Army during WWII.

NA1514 Charlotte Lovejoy, interviewed by Rita Breton, spring 1981, Westbrook, Maine. Lovejoy talks about college and teaching experiences during the Depression; life as a young wife and mother during WWII; copy of 1930s bank book; ration coupons.

NA1516 Jessie Oak, interviewed by Rita Breton, summer 1981, Brunswick, Maine. Oak talks about her work as an Extension Service agent in Maine, 1929 to 1940; the effect of the Depression on farm families.

NA1532 Ethel Linscott, interviewed by Rita Breton, fall 1981, Orr’s Island, Maine. Linscott talks about growing up during the Depression; her work at the Saco-Lowell Foundry and Bath Iron Works during World War II.

NA1535 Mrs. Avis "Ma" Dudley, interviewed by Rita Breton, fall 1981, Mapleton, Maine. Dudley, 85, talks about growing up on Aroostook County farm; effect of the Depression and WWII; her volunteer work with Extension Service and Red Cross in 1930s and 40s; cookbook.

NA1566 Dorothy Blanchard, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Dover-Foxcroft, Maine. Blanchard talks about attending UMaine during the Depression; her Extension Service work with rural farm women and 4-H youngsters, 1940-1945.

NA1567 Lucy Shieve, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Dover-Foxcroft, Maine. Shieve talks about her Extension Service work with rural farm families in Piscataquis and Aroostook Counties, 1927-1936; effects of WWII.

NA1568 Hortense Monaghan, Evelyn Miller and Stacy Miller, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Orono, Maine. Monaghan and the Millers talk about their work as Extension Service agents in Maine during the Depression; how Depression and WWII affected their personal lives.

NA1569 Mabel Lovejoy, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Veazie, Maine. Unrecorded interview. Lovejoy talks about her childhood and education; college years at UMaine: 1920s; making do during the Depression and WWII.

NA1570 Lu Oliver, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Orono, Maine. Oliver talks about effects of Depression; her volunteer work for the Grey Ladies during WWII at Dow Field Hospital, Bangor, Maine.

NA1571 Jackie McCarthy, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Old Town, Maine. McCarthy talks about growing up in Old Town during the Depression; her work as a welder at South Portland Shipyard during WWII. Text: catalog.

NA1572 Agnes Gibbs, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, North Gorham, Maine. Gibbs talks about work as Extension Service agent in Cumberland County, 1927-1942, and for Women’s Division of Maine Civil Defense Corp., 1942-45.

NA1573 Alice Keefe, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Bangor, Maine. Keefe talks about work on WPA records and sewing projects, and school hot lunch programs during the Depression; effects of WWII; experiences running a bar/restaurant business in Bangor for 35 years.

NA1574 Charlotte Davis, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, East Eddington, Maine. Davis talks about life during the Depression and WWII as mother of seven children and worker in fish factories and blueberry fields in Jonesport, Maine.

NA1576 Dr. Carlene Hillman, interviewed by Rita Breton, winter 1982, Kenduskeag, Maine. Dr. Hillman talks about growing up on farm during the Depression; college and teaching experiences; her work as director of canning center and hot lunch program during WWII; piece of grain bag material.

NA1586 Olive Fish, interviewed by Suzanne Winkelman, fall 1982, Bucksport, Maine. Fish talks about growing up and raising a family during the Depression and WWII.

NA1587 Marion Brooks, interviewed by Suzanne Winkelman for AY 125, fall 1982, Ellsworth, Maine. Brooks talks about her early life; work for WPA projects during the Depression and afterwards; copy of news clipping.

NA1592 Evelyn Ran, interviewed by Rita Breton, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Rand talks about hardships of the Depression; her work as an auto mechanic during WWII.

NA1593 Bertha Lord and Daryl Lord, interviewed by Suzanne Winkelman, fall 1982-winter 1983. The Lords talk about their lives, including fishing and working experiences in the Bucksport area since 1940; information about the Depression - WWII period. Relates to Winkelman’s M. A. thesis “Work is What Keeps You Going: The Life and Times of Bertha Moore Lord: An Experiment in Biography,” University of Maine, 1986.

NA1594 Ida Wood, interviewed by Suzanne Winkelman, fall 1982, Orland, Maine. Wood talks about life and work experiences during the Depression and WWII in Old Town and Bucksport areas.

NA1595 Ruth Hazelton, interviewed by Steven Sullivan, fall 1982, St. George, Maine. Hazelton talks about growing up in Freeport, Maine; attending Simmons College in Boston during the Depression; her work as a librarian during the late ‘30s and ‘40s.

NA1596 Hazel Blaisdell, interviewed by Debbie Brooks, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Blaisdell talks about her life and experiences during the Depression.

NA1597 Alice Hickson, interviewed by Debbie Brooks, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Hickson talks about her life and experiences during the Depression and WWII.

NA1598 Lucy Stewart, interviewed by Steven Sullivan, fall 1982, Owls Head, Maine. Stewart talks about life and experiences during the Depression and WWII.

NA1599 Martha Phillips, interviewed by Nan Lincoln, fall 1982, Southwest Harbor, Maine. Phillips talks about work with coal miner’s children in Kentucky during the Depression; experiences as a bomber pilot for the WAFC during WWII; copies of news clippings and magazine photos.

NA1600 Mazie Smallidge, interviewed by Nan Lincoln, fall 1982, Pretty Marsh, Maine. Smallidge talks about teaching experiences in rural Maine and her recollections of life in Maine during the Depression and WWII.

NA1601 Simone Michaud, interviewed by Anne-Marie Martin, fall 1982, Lewiston, Maine. Michaud talks about her memories of the Depression and WWII.

NA1602 Martine Pelletier, interviewed by Anne-Marie Martin, fall 1982, Van Buren, Maine. Pelletier talks about her memories of the Depression and WWII.

NA1603 Marguerite Michaud, interviewed by Anne-Marie Martin, fall 1982, Lewiston, Maine. Michaud talks about her memories of the Depression and her song writing.

NA1604 Cecil Lebel, interviewed by Martin, Anne-Marie, fall 1982, Auburn, Maine. Lebel talks about her memories of the Depression.

NA1605 Elnor Goodwin, interviewed by Patrick Dunn, fall 1982, West Gardiner, Maine. Goodwin talks about her life during the Depression and WWII.

NA1606 Dorothy Probert, interviewed by Patrick Dunn, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Probert talks about her memories of the Depression and her experiences as a military officer’s wife during WWII.

NA1607 Lois Bridges, interviewed by Patrick Dunn, fall 1982, Gardiner, Maine. Bridges talks about life during the Depression and WWII; college life (Colby College) and teaching experiences in the 1940s.

NA1608 Iola Cobb, interviewed by Patrick Dunn, fall 1982, Gardiner, Maine. Cobb talks about her memories of the Depression; WPA projects; WWII.

NA1609 Regina Toole, interviewed by Lizabeth MacDonald, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Toole talks about the Depression and WWII.

NA1610 Geraldine Toole, interviewed by Lizabeth MacDonald, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Toole talks about life during the Depression and her work as a welder at the Bath shipyard during WWII.

NA1611 Ruth McGinley, interviewed by Lizabeth MacDonald, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. McGinley talks about life during the Depression and WWII; college life (Univ. of Maine) and work experiences in the 1930s and 40s.

NA1612 Josephine Doe, interviewed by Nan Lincoln, fall 1982, Pretty Marsh, Maine. Doe talks about her memories of the Depression and WWII; her experiences as a college student (Castine Normal School), teacher, and professional reader.

NA1613 Betty Flanders and Reg Flanders, interviewed by Nan Lincoln, fall 1982, Pretty Marsh and Mount Desert, Maine. The Flanders talk about their memories of the Depression and WWII.

NA1614 Irene Marinke, interviewed by Nan Lincoln, fall 1982, Bar Harbor, Maine. Marinke talks about her recollections of Bar Harbor during the Depression and WWII.

NA1615 Martha Kelley, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, Bangor, Maine. Kelley talks about life in Bar Mills area during the Depression.

NA1616 Marie Wheaton, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, Millinocket, Maine. Wheaton talks about life in Medway during the Depression and her move to Portland during WWII; college experience (Aroostook Normal School) and teaching in rural Maine in 1930s.

NA1617 Margaret Albert and Gertrude Grant, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, Old Town, Maine. Albert and Grant talk about growing up in Old Town during the Depression and the effects of WWII.

NA1618 Gertrude Grant, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, Old Town, Maine. Grant talks about hard times during the Depression and WWII; her family life. Also included: photos.

NA1619 Olive Hannaford, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, Bar Mills, Maine. Hannaford talks about life in Bar Mills during the Depression and WWII.

NA1620 Catherine Allen, interviewed by Eric Allen, fall 1982, South Portland, Maine. Allen talks about her childhood; education; marriage; hard times during the Depression.

NA1621 Mary Gabriel, interviewed by Debbie Brooks, fall 1982, Princeton, Maine. Gabriel talks about growing up on the Passamaquoddy Indian Reservation, Princeton; her experiences during the Depression and WWII; Indian burial hymn sung by Lillian Gabriel. RESTRICTED

NA1622 Dorris A. Isaacson, interviewed by Margaret Lanoue, fall 1982, Phippsburg, Maine. Isaacson talks about her early life and education; work as a journalist in Lewiston and Portland, and as director of Maine’s WPA Writer’s Project during the Depression; copies of resume, letters, book photo & commentary.

NA1623 Juliette Filteau, interviewed by Margaret Lanoue, October 8, 1982, in Lewiston, Maine. Filteau discusses growing up near Quebec in the 1910s; moving from Canada to Lewiston circa 1921; childhood experiences with nuns; living and working during the Great Depression; Franco-American food; operating a restaurant which sold alcohol; the advent of WWII; and her thoughts on cultural identity in Lewiston. Exhibit poster included.

NA1624 Charlotte Michaud, interviewed by Margaret Lanoue, fall 1982, Lewiston, Maine. Michaud talks about teaching dancing and working for French and English newspapers from 1900 to 1930s.

NA1625 Genoria Pelchat, interviewed by Margaret Lanoue, October 22, 1982, Lewiston, Maine. Pelchat talks about her childhood in early twentieth-century St. Joseph de Beauce, Canada; immigrating to Auburn, Maine in 1919; working at shoe shops; learning to speak English; food lines and shopping during the Depression; 1937 shoe shop strike; and working for elections. In the enclosed memoir, Pelchat wrote of early life at a Sisters of Charity orphanage; years of abuse by her father and stepmother; various jobs as a young woman; immigrating to Auburn; and forms of recreation.

NA1626 Cecile Boisvert, interviewed by Margaret Lanoue, fall 1982, Lewiston, Maine. Boisvert talks about growing up in Lewiston; working in textile mills; remembrances of Depression and WWII; experiences as state legislative representative.

NA1627 Ruth Morin and Virginia Morin, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Summary of unrecorded interview with the Morins about their work in SPAR, the women’s branch of the Coast Guard, during WWII.

NA1628 Alice LaChance, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, Orono, Maine. LaChance talks about her memories of WWII and its effect on the Bangor area.

NA1629 Jeannette Gardner, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Gardner talks about her experiences as the wife of a bombardier pilot during WWII; effects of war on everyday life.

NA1630 Luella Michaud, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Michaud talks about her memories of WWII, especially food stamps, Civil Defense work, its effect on the East Millinocket and Portland areas.

NA1631 Kathleen Albert, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Albert talks about her childhood memories of WWII.

NA1632 Agnes "Tot" Doe, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Doe talks about her experience as one of first women workers at Great Northern Paper Co. during WWII.

NA1633 Ruby Stratton, interviewed by Kathleen A. “Kathy” Morris, fall 1982, East Millinocket, Maine. Stratton talks about her work in the WPA Sewing project during the Depression and her memories of WWII; copies of ration stamp books.

NA1634 Clarice Mitchell, interviewed by Rita Breton spring 1982, Dixmont, Maine. Mitchell talks about life in the Depression years and work as as Civil Defense leader during WWII.

NA1640 Mildred "Brownie" Schrumpf, interviewed by Elizabeth Dougherty, fall 1982, Orono, Maine. Schrumpf talks about attending UMaine: 1921-1925; working as State 4-H Club leader for Cooperative Extension Service, 1926-1931; effects of the Depression and WWII; copies of ration stamps.

NA1641 Jeannette Cleaves, interviewed by Elizabeth Dougherty, fall 1982, Bar Harbor, Maine. Cleaves talks about life during the Depression; her travel to army training camps with her husband during WWII; copy of Mrs. Cleaves 1940s travel journal.

NA2031 Elise Jones, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1988, Newport, Maine. Jones talks about her experiences in the work force during WWII; teaching in Maine; her move to New Jersey to work for a pharmaceutical company; and her eventual return to Maine. This is the first in a series of interviews by Zuch on women's work experiences during the war.

NA2032 Myra Wood, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1988, Newport, Maine. Wood talks about her experiences as a welder at the South Portland Shipyard before and during WWII. See NA 2031.

NA2033 Charlotte Rowe, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1987, Etna, Maine. Rowe talks about her experiences at Stewart Manufacturing, a company which made army-related clothing during WWII. See NA 2031, 2032.

NA2034 Martha Maynard, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1987, Newport, Maine. Maynard, employed by the company before, during and after WWII, talks about her work experiences at Banton Brothers, manufacturers of wooden goods; discusses the changes that occurred in the war years. See NA 2031, 2032, 2033.

NA2035 Edna Fraser, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1987, Newport, Maine. Fraser discusses her work at the Moosehead Woolen Mill during WWII. See NA 2031-2034.

NA2191 Eunice Harper, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1990, Levant, Maine. Harper relates her experiences as an Army nurse in World War II.

NA2192 Rebecca Steward, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1990, Corinna, Maine. Steward talks about her work and experiences during World War II.

NA2193 Erma Maxim, interviewed by Linda Zuch, summer 1990, Corinna, Maine. Maxim talks about her life and work experiences during World War II.

Publication Date

2020

Keywords

Women’s, Gender, Sexuality Studies, Food habits, Cooperative Agricultural and Home Economics Extension Service

Disciplines

Folklore | Oral History

Size of Collection

73 items

Dates of Collection

1981-1990

Manuscript Number

MF040

MF040 Maine Women During the Depression and World War II

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