Document Type


Publication Title

Watershed Science Bulletin


Center for Watershed Protection

Publication Date


Publisher location

Elliot City, MD, USA

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Abstract/ Summary

Water quality degradation in urban watersheds is a pervasive problem, and many urban waterways fail to attain water quality standards set pursuant to the Clean Water Act. Finding mechanisms to close this gap has proven difficult. As traditionally implemented, none of the Clean Water Act’s primary mechanisms for addressing urban water quality has offered consistent and effective solutions. This article discusses an innovative effort to develop an alternative approach. To address degradation of Long Creek, a small urban stream in southern Maine, regulators used the residual designation authority created by Section 402(p) of the Clean Water Act to substantially expand the number of landowners required to obtain stormwater permits. Concurrently, regulators, local governments, local businesses, and other participants in a collaborative planning process developed a collective permitting approach, which should substantially reduce the economic cost of fulfilling the new permit obligations. The initiative holds promise as a model for restoration of other urban watersheds.

Citation/Publisher Attribution

"Owen, D., Bohlen, C,. Glaser, P., Henderson, Z., & Kilian, C. 2010. Collaboration, Clean Water Act Residual Designation Authority, and Collective Permitting: A Case Study of Long Creek. Watershed Science Bulletin 1 :35-41 "

Publisher Statement

© 2010 Center for Watershed Protection


publisher's version of the published document