Integral Review: A Transdisciplinary and Transcultural Journal for New Thought, Research and Praxis
Bethel, OH, USA
In the United States, there are more than 20 federal agencies that manage over 140 ocean statutes (Crowder et al., 2006). A history of disjointed, single sector management has resulted in a one-dimensional view of ecosystems, administrative systems, and the socio-economic drivers that affect them. In contrast, an ecosystem-based approach to management is inherently multi-dimensional. Ecosystem-based approaches to management (EBM) are at the forefront of progressive science and policy discussions. Both the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy (USCOP, 2004) and the Pew Oceans Commission (POC, 2003) reports called for a better understanding of the impact of human activities on the coastal ocean and the result was President Obama’s National Policy for the Stewardship of the Ocean, our Coasts, and the Great Lakes (2010). EBM is holistic by seeking to include all stakeholders affected by marine policy in decision-making. Stakeholders may include individuals from all levels of government, academia, environmental organizations, and marine-dependent businesses and industry. EBM processes require decision-makers to approach marine management differently and more comprehensively to sufficiently require a more sophisticated conceptual understanding of the process and the people involved. There are implicit cognitive, interpersonal, and intra-personal demands of EBM that are not addressed by current literature. This research seeks to understand the mental demands of EBM. A constructive developmental framework is used to illuminate how decision-makers reason or make sense of the ideals and values underlying EBM, the mutual relationships that must be built among natural resource management agencies, and the personal experiences and emotions that accompany change.
DeLauer, Verna G.; Rosenberg, Andrew A.; Popp, Nancy C.; Hiley, David R.; and Feurt, Christine, "The Complexity of the Practice of Ecosystem-Based Management." (2014). Publications. 26.
DeLauer, V., Rosenberg, A., Popp, N., Hiley, D., & Feurt, C. 2014. The Complexity of the Practice of Ecosystem-Based Management. Integral Review: A Transdisciplinary and Transcultural Journal for New Thought, Research and Praxis, Vol. 10 No. 1.
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