A bioclimate envelope model was developed to evaluate the potential impacts of climate variability on American lobster (Homarus americanus). Bioclimate envelopes were defined by season-, sex-, and stage- specific Habitat Suitability Indices (HSI) based on (1) bottom temperature, (2) bottom salinity, and (3) depth. The species’ association to each of these three environmental attributes was expressed using Suitability Indices (SIs) calibrated by standardized lobster abundance derived from 14 years of fishery independent survey. A regional ocean model (Finite-Volume Community Ocean Model) was integrated with the HSI to hindcast spatiotemporal variability of bioclimate envelopes for American lobster in coastal waters of Maine and New Hampshire from 1978 to 2013. The model predictions indicated higher habitat suitability in inshore waters for both adult and juvenile lobsters. A statistically significant increasing trend in habitat suitability was observed for both sexes and stages (juvenile and adult) during the spring (April–June), while no significant trend in habitat suitability was observed in the fall (September–November). This study provides a modeling framework to reconstruct climatically suitable lobster ranges that can be used to formulate climate-based hypotheses for future studies of this species.
Tananka, Kisei and Chen, Yong, "Modeling spatiotemporal variability of the bioclimate envelope of Homarus americanus in the coastal waters of Maine and New Hampshire" (2016). Publications. 18.
Tanaka, K., & Chen, Y. (2016). Modeling spatiotemporal variability of the bioclimate envelope of Homarus americanus in the coastal waters of Maine and New Hampshire. Fisheries Research, 177, 137–152. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2016.01.010
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.
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