This article follows the career of Captain Henry Mowat as he took charge of operations for the British Navy off the Maine Coast during the Revolutionary War. Mowat was involved in three decisive actions during this time: the dismantling of Fort Pownall at the mouth of the Penobscot River; the burning of Falmouth, or present-day Portland; and the defeat of the Massachusetts naval expedition to the British-occupied Bagaduce Peninsula on the eastern side of Penobscot Bay. The author asks the question: did this British officer deserve his reputation among Mainers as an “execrable monster?” Louis Arthur Norton is a professor emeritus at the University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington. Dr Norton has published extensively on maritime history topics, including a biography titled JOSHUA BARNEY: HERO OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR AND 1812 by the Naval Institute Press in 2000. He received the 2002 and 2006 Gerald E.Morris Prize for maritime historiography from the Mystic Seaport Museum.
Norton, Louis Arthur. “Henry Mowat: Miscreant of the Maine Coast” Maine History 43, no. 1 (January 2007): 1-20.