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The conflict between Thomas F. Bayard, Grover Cleveland's first Secretary of State, and his subordinate, Harold Marsh Sewall of Bath, Maine, who was U.S. consul general to Samoa, was not a disagreement about the goals of American policy. Their disagreement related more to tactical considerations. And at that level, generational differences probably drove them apart. Specifically, the meaning of the Civil War for the younger generation of which Sewall was a part may well have contributed to his “truculent" pursuit of empire, a posture that totally unnerved the older Bayard. Paul T. Burlin is Associate Professor of History and Chair of the Department of History and Politics at the University of New England. He is currently working on a book that traces the nineteenth-century connections between Maine and the Pacific. He recently returned from Brazil where he taught U.S. history at the University of Sao Paulo as a Fulbright scholar. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the World Affairs Council of Maine