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Progressive Era reformers worked to improve the health standards and living conditions of poor and immigrant populations in United States cities. In this article, Annette K. Vance Dorey highlights the often overlooked work of the nurses who managed “milk stations” - early public health clinics established for distributing clean milk in urban neighborhoods. Dorey argues that these nurses, who also conducted parent education classes and provided access to a range of health services, played an important role in the reduction of urban infant mortality rales and the development of the public health profession. Dorey is an educator specializing in teacher and parent education who lives in Brunswick, Maine. She has recently published Better Baby Contests: The Scientific Quest for Perfect Childhood Health in the Twentieth Century (McFarland).