Thoreau’s Maine Woods, a record of three trips made between 1846 and 1857, offers a combination of literary metaphor and precise botanical and topographical observation. Comparing Thoreau’s journals with recent advances in forest ecology, author Geoffrey Paul Carpenter reveals a detailed picture of the various ways in which logging activity changed the forests, lakes, and rivers of Maine. Carpenter demonstrates that a precise understanding of forest history depends not only on traditional statistical sources, but also on the subjective personal testimony found in the literary record.
Carpenter, Geoffrey Paul. "Deforestation in Nineteenth-Century Maine: The Record of Henry David Thoreau." Maine History 38, 1 (1998): 2-35. https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/mainehistoryjournal/vol38/iss1/2