Maine Bicentennial



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In late September 1820, hoping to lay claim to territory then under dispute between Great Britain and the United States, Governor William King of the newly founded state of Maine dispatched Major Joseph Treat to survey public lands on the Penobscot and Saint John Rivers. Traveling well beyond the limits of colonial settlement, Treat relied heavily on the cultural knowledge and expertise of John Neptune, lieutenant governor of the Penobscot tribe, to guide him across the Wabanaki homeland... The groundwork for cooperation between Treat and Neptune [was] laid during the 1820 treaty negotiations in which both men participated and which were successfully concluded just over a month before their expedition departed from Bangor, Maine. -- Description adapted from University of Massachusetts Press

Edited with an introduction by Micah A. Pawling, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History and Native American Studies, University of Maine.

"Appendix : 1820 Treaty Negotiation between the Penobscot Indian Nation and Maine" posted in DigitalCommons@UMaine with permission of the author and of University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst.



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Publication Date



University of Massachusetts Press


Amherst, Massachusetts


Wabanaki settlements, Maine statehood, Land surveys


United States History


Maine E99.A13 T748 2007

Published by University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, in conjunction with the Penobscot Indian Nation, Indian Island, Maine.



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