In the last half of the nineteenth century we find a proposition in the Congress of the Republic to extend the area of slavery. This is the object and purpose of certain provisions in the bill for the organization of the Territories of Nebraska and Kansas. These provisions remove the restrictions impored by the Missouri compromise. The Badger amendment, and the opinions which it has elicited, I pass by as of no practical importance or interest. It is enough to secure any opposition that the bill, with or without that amendment, exposes all our unorganized territory to the occupation of slavery, although that territory, by a compact intended to be as lasting as the existence of the State of Missouri, has been set apart for freemen.
Israel Washburn, Jr.’s (1813-1883) was born in Livermore, Maine. He was admitted to the Bar in 1834 and practiced law in Orono, Maine, until his election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1850. Washburn lead the House opposition to the Nebraska bill.
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Congressional Globe Office
Slavery, New England Anti-Slavery, Missouri Compromise
United States History
Washburn, Israel Jr., "Speech of Hon. I Washburn, Jr. of Maine, on the Bill to Organize Territorial Governments in Nebraska and Kansas, and Against the Abrogation of the Missouri Compromise" (1854). Maine Bicentennial. 11.