Document Type



William Murphy

John Hanson


University of Maine Bureau of Labor Education

Publication Date


Publisher location

Orono, Maine

Abstract/ Summary

In 2002 there were over 5,500 fatalities reported by industries in the United States. A total of 4.7 million injuries and illnesses were reported in private sector workplaces in 2002, resulting in a rate of 5.3 cases per 100 equivalent fulltime workers. The Liberty Mutual 2002 Workplace Safety Index estimates that direct costs for occupational injuries in 1999 rose to $40.1 billion, with indirect costs reaching over $200 billion. Shipyard work is very hazardous, with an injury-illness incidence rate of 16.6 that is more than twice that of construction and general industry.4 While boatyard work is more diverse, and usually smaller in scale, it also poses many serious risks to workers. Hazards in shipyards and boatyards include exposure to toxic substances, ergonomic injuries, hazardous atmospheres, electrocution, falls, fires, and explosions, among others. Effective safety and health programs can help to eliminate or minimize such hazards.


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