This thesis examines the state of cultural-property protection during armed conflict. Following a description of the ethical impositions and international background of the concept, theoretical expectations of cultural-property protection in present-day armed conflicts are compiled through the comparison of the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and the 1972 UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. These two conventions were chosen because of their relevance to the actual application of cultural-property protection during armed conflict, which was established through research into the effects the recent Syrian conflict has had on the area’s local cultural property through the use of media reports. The conclusion is four points in which cultural-property protection during armed conflict could be improved upon; these points suggest improvements to the term “military necessity,” the participation of academics in the military’s cultural property interactions, the use of cultural property lists during conflicts, and the emphasis on universality in promoting cultural property’s importance.
Higgins, Marissa E., "Fortification of the International Defense of Cultural Property Trapped In Areas of Armed Conflict" (2015). Honors College. 219.