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John Gardner, born in 1801, was the principal surveyor in Calais, Maine from about 1830 until his death in 1888. He did original layouts for many towns and roads in eastern Washington County. He was also a schoolteacher and served several terms as county commissioner after the Civil War. After his death, his son, Benjamin Gardner, took over the business for a short time until his son, Benjamin E. Gardner, returned to Calais in the late 1890s. Benjamin E. Gardner was a civil engineer and land surveyor. As city engineer he laid out the sewers in Calais, and in 1904 laid out the town of Woodland. He also made preliminary surveys at Grand Falls for the Great Northern Paper Company. Much of his work was with local attorneys doing land title research. Benjamin E. Gardner died in 1939.

The collection is arranged in two series: I. General files and II. Maps and plans. The maps are arranged alphabetically by individual community, followed by maps of Washington County and the state of Maine as a whole.

Publication Date



Nature and Geography



Size of Collection

1 box, 13 map drawers (circa 675 items)

Dates of Collection

1830-1939, bulk 1880-1930

Manuscript Number

SpC MS 0784

Gardner Family Papers, 1830-1939

Included in

History Commons