Date of Award

5-2003

Level of Access

Open-Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Liberal Studies

Advisor

Kathleen March

Second Committee Member

Michael H. Lewis

Third Committee Member

Owen F. Smith

Abstract

This work is an attempt to present a brief and simple view, both written and illustrated, concerning the controversial concept of Magical Realism for non-specialists. This study analyzes Magical Realism as a form of literary expression and artistic style by some Latin American authors and two artists. First a definition of this term is given, in addition to a definition of other, related terms. Mention is made of the origin of the term in general and a short account of the history and its use is provided. There are other, related, concepts that critics, authors and artists believe have contributed to its development. The German art critic Franz Roh is said to have been the first to use this term officially, due to the necessity of providing a suitable title for the new art form. Continuing with its development are Miguel Angel Asturias, Angel Flores, and especially Alejo Carpentier. Also included are the commentaries of Gabriel Garcia Mikquez, one of the most notable authors of Latin America identified with Magical Realism, those of the Chilean author Isabel Allende, and the commentaries of the critics Enrique Anderson, Seymour Menton, Massimo Bontempelli and the French surrealist Andr6 Breton. There are several different ways in which the term Magical Realism has been used in Europe and especially Latin America. The use of Magical Realism as a means of artistic and literary expression continues to prevail for now, because while there exist problematic situations or changes in normal life in the countries of Latin America, there will always be inspiration for the creators and a motive to express their feelings. Its use will disappear for periods of time and will reappear at other times, as if it were manipulated by the magic of life. At the time that Magical Realism is observed, other styles will also be seen. But this is the one that many prefer and which will prevail. A large part of this project consists of the 26 works of art that are the Magical Realism interpretation by the author of this project Maria E. Rave

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