Development and Evaluation of Modeling Approaches for Extrusion-based Additive Manufacturing of Thermoplastics
Date of Award
Level of Access Assigned by Author
Master of Science (MS)
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
This work focuses on evaluating different modeling approaches and model parameters for thermoplastic AM, with the goal of informing more efficient and effective modeling approaches. First, different modeling approaches were tested and compared to experiments. From this it was found that all three of the modeling approaches provide comparable results and provide similar results to experiments. Then one of the modeling approaches was tested on large scale geometries, and it was found that the model results matched experiments closely. Then the effect of different material properties was evaluated, this was done by performing a fractional factorial design of experiments where the factors were ±15% of the baseline material properties. From this it was found that coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) is by far the most important material property for the simulated warpage. This test was repeated with a simulated desktop printer, simulated commercial printer and a simulated room scaled printer to evaluate if the relevant material properties change as a function of length scale; it was found that as length scale increases, conduction becomes increasingly important, but this effect was still small compared to that of CTE. Finally, the effect of the environment was evaluated by running a Latin hypercube Design of Experiments (DOE) over environmental factors; it was found that the most important effects are the bed and enclosure temperatures. It also pointed to the feasibility of using radiative heating to mitigate warpage, because as length scale increases natural convection becomes less important.
This work is significant because it leverages modeling and simulation to evaluate the effects of the different phenomena in 3D printing and points out some of the gaps in the current state of the art that are not evident from performing simple experiments or simple simulations, namely implementing a model for build plate adhesion.
Bock, Christopher C., "Development and Evaluation of Modeling Approaches for Extrusion-based Additive Manufacturing of Thermoplastics" (2022). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3579.
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