Date of Award

Spring 5-2020

Level of Access Assigned by Author

Open-Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)


Higher Education Leadership


Elizabeth Allan

Second Committee Member

Kathleen Gillon

Third Committee Member

Leah Hakkola


Building on the work of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s initiative to investigate the links between multiple forms of violence, this study used a “review-of-reviews” qualitative approach, a form of meta-analysis, to illuminate the intersections of sexual violence and hazing. Data were analyzed to uncover the risk and protective factors for hazing. These findings were then compared to the risk and protective factors for sexual violence to investigate any intersections, broadening the research about the intersecting forms of interpersonal violence. Eleven risk factors for hazing were identified, four of which intersect with previously identified risk factors for sexual violence. Nine protective factors for hazing were also identified. Identifying the interconnectedness of multiple forms of interpersonal violence can help college campus professionals strengthen prevention of all forms of violence simultaneously.