Date of Award

Summer 8-2019

Level of Access

Campus-Only Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Earth Sciences

Advisor

Ellyn M. Enderlin

Second Committee Member

Andrew Thomas

Third Committee Member

Kristin M. Schild

Abstract

Over the past several decades marine-terminating glaciers on the Antarctic Peninsula have retreated, accelerated, and thinned in response to changing climate. Although ocean warming has been implicated as a trigger for these rapid changes in glacier dynamics, there are few ocean observations near inaccessible glacier termini that can be used to assess the role of ocean warming as a control on glacier dynamics in this region. Here we use iceberg melt rates to infer variations in ocean conditions near glacier termini. We map patterns in iceberg melt rates for two study sites on the eastern and five sites on the western Antarctic Peninsula through differencing of high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) for at least one time period from 2013-2018, for 14 different observation periods overall. Iceberg melt rates are spatially variable with the highest melt rates (mean = 7.49 cm d-1) at Widdowson Glacier, in the west, and the lowest melt rates (mean = 0.10 cm d-1) at Crane Glacier, in the east. We compare these data to satellite remotely-sensed estimates of glacier frontal ablation (i.e., submarine melting plus calving) from 2014-2018 to investigate if patterns in iceberg melt rates can be used as a proxy for variations in ocean forcing of glacier termini. We find that mean iceberg melt rates generally follow variations in regional ocean temperatures and have a positive relationship with glacier frontal ablation at our study sites. The observed correlation between glacier frontal ablation and iceberg melt rates provide additional support for the hypothesis that glacier dynamics along the Antarctic Peninsula are strongly controlled by ocean conditions. We recommend that remotely-sensed iceberg melt rates continue to be used as proxy for ocean conditions in remote areas where in situ observations proximal to glacier termini are limited.

Available for download on Monday, August 16, 2021

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