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Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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The effects of traction forces on cancer cells and wound healing have been reported in many recent kinds of literature. In the past decade, few techniques reported measuring such small force measurements on live cells. In this research, Bovine Aortic Endothelial cells (BAECs) were chosen to study force measurements with micro pillar assays. These assays can not measure the force directly in real time. Certain image processing techniques are necessary to calculate the force quantities. One solution to these issues is to use smart materials that are capable of measuring these small forces in real time and also capable of functioning in the aqua medium for cell culture. For this purpose, Ionic Metal Composites were introduced for this study. A protocol for cell culture on IPMCs was defined and developed. Several Confocal and AFM procedures were implemented to ensure that the live cells behaved similarly to the cells in regular cell culture dishes. The finite element multi-physics model of the IPMC for the cell culture assay was developed based on Poisson-Nernst-Plank (PNP) equations, and the force output data from micropillar studies was applied to the input of this model to calculate and derive an estimation for the output signal value ranges. The response behavior showed a small phase delay which validated our FE study based on similar reports in the literature. The results of this study from the cell culture on IPMC protocol and the signal measurement levels in the simulations proves that IPMCs could be a promising substitute for the currently used assays for the live traction force monitoring of the biological cells.
Saberi, Abouhamed, "Traction Force Measurements of Live Bovine Aortic Endothelial Cells with Micro Pillars and Multiphysics Modeling with Novel Ionic Polymer Metal Composite Assays for Real Time Measurements" (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2713.