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Restraint and Seclusion in Maine: Functional Behavioral Assessment

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Parents Engaged in Policy: A Six-Part Conversation About Restraint and Seclusion in Maine



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Deb Davis and Jodie Hall

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Sandra Horne


Deb Davis and Jodie Hall

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A functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is a process used to help identify challenging behaviors, their purpose or function, and to analyze the factors that lead to challenging behaviors within the environment in which they occur. The results of an FBA are used to develop positive behavioral interventions and supports.


functional behavioral assessment, students with disabilities, autism, challenging behavior, restraint and seclusion, Maine schools, parent education


Deb Davis and Jodie Hall define functional behavioral assessment (FBA) and the importance of not only collecting behavioral data, but interpreting it.


Deb Davis' son experienced a challenging transition to public kindergarten from a special purpose private school. After he was restrained on the playground, Deb took on a leadership role as an education advocate. In 2011, Ms. Davis was invited by the Maine Commissioner of Education to serve on the Consensus Based Rulemaking Team that was revising the rule governing physical restraint and seclusion in the state.

Jodie Hall worked as a case manager for children with behavioral challenges. Like Deb Davis, her son with a disability also experienced incidents of restraint in school. As a 2017-2018 Family Trainee in the New Hampshire-Maine Leadership Education in Neurodevelopmental and Related Disabilities (NH-ME LEND) Program, Jodie completed a leadership placement with Deb Davis and the Maine Coalition Against Restraint and Seclusion to update their parent education materials. Dr. Alan Kurtz served as faculty mentor on the project.

Davis and Hall developed and produced this series of six video conversations about restraint and seclusion in Maine. Each captioned conversation is topic-driven and under 8 minutes in length. Topics discussed include Incident Reports, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Time-out or Seclusion?, Emergencies, not Prevention; Using Data as a Tool, and The Written Word Matters.

Restraint and Seclusion in Maine: Functional Behavioral Assessment



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