Document Type

Article

Publication Title

Journal of Glaciology

Publication Date

2000

First Page

188

Last Page

196

Issue Number

153

Volume Number

46

Abstract/ Summary

Empirical data suggest that the race of calving of grounded glaciers terminating in water is directly proportional to the water depth. Important controls on calving may be the extent to which a calving face tends to become oversteepened by differential flow within the ice and the extent to which bending moments promote extrusion and bottom crevassing at the base of a calving face. Numerical modelling suggests that the tendency to become oversteepened increases roughly linearly with water depth. In addition, extending longitudinal deviatoric stresses at the base of a calving face increase with water depth. These processes provide a possible physical explanation for the observed calving-rate/water-depth relation.

Citation/Publisher Attribution

Hanson, B, and Hooke, RL, 2000, Glacier Calving: A Numerical Model of Forces in the Calving-Speed/Water-Depth Relation: Journal of Glaciology, v. 46, p. 188-196. Available on publisher's site at: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/jog/2000/00000046/00000153/art00002

Publisher Statement

© Copyright 2000 by the International Glaciological Society

DOI

10.3189/172756500781832792

Version

publisher's version of the published document

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