Three-dimensional numerical models are used to investigate the mechanical evolution of the southern Alaskan plate corner where the Yakutat and the Pacific plates converge on the North American plate. The evolving model plate boundary consists of Convergent, Lateral, and Subduction subboundaries with flow separation of incoming material into upward or downward trajectories forming dual, nonlinear advective thermal/mechanical anomalies that fix the position of major subaerial mountain belts. The model convergent subboundary evolves into two teleconnected orogens: Inlet and Outlet orogens form at locations that correspond with the St. Elias and the Central Alaska Range, respectively, linked to the East by the Lateral boundary. Basins form parallel to the orogens in response to the downward component of velocity associated with subduction. Strain along the Lateral subboundary varies as a function of orogen rheology and magnitude and distribution of erosion. Strain-dependent shear resistance of the plate boundary associated with the shallow subduction zone controls the position of the Inlet orogen. The linkages among these plate boundaries display maximum shear strain rates in the horizontal and vertical planes where the Lateral subboundary joins the Inlet and Outlet orogens. The location of the strain maxima shifts with time as the separation of the Inlet and Outlet orogens increases. The spatiotemporal predictions of the model are consistent with observed exhumation histories deduced from thermochronology, as well as stratigraphic studies of synorogenic deposits. In addition, the complex structural evolution of the St Elias region is broadly consistent with the predicted strain field evolution. Citation: Koons, P. O., B. P. Hooks, T. Pavlis, P. Upton, and A. D. Barker (2010), Three-dimensional mechanics of Yakutat convergence in the southern Alaskan plate corner, Tectonics, 29, TC4008, doi: 10.1029/2009TC002463.
Koons, Peter O.; Hooks, B. P.; Pavlis, T.; Upton, P.; and Barker, A. D., "Three-Dimensional Mechanics of Yakutat Convergence in the Southern Alaskan Plate Corner" (2010). Earth Science Faculty Scholarship. 113.
Koons, PO, Hooks, BP, Pavlis, T, Upton, P, and Barker, AD, 2010, Three-Dimensional Mechanics of Yakutat Convergence in the Southern Alaskan Plate Corner: Tectonics, v. 29, TC4008. To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
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