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Description

This study examines the cost effectiveness of using current treatment technologies to sanitize, disinfect, shred, and dispose of biomedical waste within the state in relation to the costs of current disposal practices in Maine. The study employs a linear programming model to determine the combination of treatment facilities, transportation options, and disposal sites to treat all waste produced in Maine at the lowest statewide cost. A least-cost solution is developed for three different scenarios. The first two scenarios assume that all treated waste must be shredded in accordance with current regulatory requirements. The third scenario assumes that regulations are changed to require only that the sharps portion of the biomedical waste stream be shredded. All scenarios assume that the treatment facilities would be located on-site at one or more hospital locations, that there are no barriers to inter-hospital shipment of waste for treatment, and that any hospital has the option to continue shipping its waste out of state.

Document Type

Article

ISSN

1070-1524

Volume

184

Publication Date

11-1-2002

Publisher

Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station

City

Orono

Keywords

medical wastes, waste management

Disciplines

Health Economics | Medicine and Health Sciences