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These conference proceedings provide viewpoints on a variety of important and defining aspects of forest health. Forest managers, landowners, and scientists have long appreciated the direct effects that insects, diseases and damaging weather can have on forests. Over the past fifty years the Maine landscape has been affected by numerous outbreaks of defoliators such as the gypsy moth and the spruce budworm, by white pine blister rust and beech bark disease, and most recently by severe ice storm damage, along with countless other pests and catastrophic storms. During the past several years, the public also has become increasingly aware of the subject of forest health and the factors that can result in the decline of forest health. Thus, our understanding of what forest health encompasses has grown well beyond the direct effects of insects and diseases to a more complete, ecological view. We now realize that the health of forests, measured by their ability to recover from stress, depends on factors of atmosphere, soils, water, and the status of associated plant and animal populations, as well as it does on healthy trees. Furthermore, all these aspects need to be in an appropriate balance if a healthy forest is to be maintained.
Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station
Orono, Maine 04469, USA
forest health, forestry
Ostrofsky, W.D., and T.J. Dragon (eds.). 2000. 4th Annual Munsungan Conference Proceedings: Forest Health. Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station Miscellaneous Publication 742.